Seeking Emptiness: Theodor Hertzka's Colonial Utopia Freiland (1890)

Seeking Emptiness: Theodor Hertzka's Colonial Utopia Freiland (1890) Abstract: Theodor Herzl once contemptuously remarked that he regards Freiland as a joke. This statement surprises if one compares his novel Altneuland ( Oldnewland ) to Theodor Hertzka's Freiland . To say the least, both utopias share many themes and narratives structures. While Altneuland (1902) became the world-renowned manifesto of Zionism, Freiland (1890) cherished popularity only at the time of its publication. Both novels are products of Vienna's fin-de-siècle modernism. Herzl's utopia is set in Palestine, Hertzka places Freiland in the empty space of East Africa. His vision of a new civilization in Africa coincided with European colonialism, nationalism and the surge of anti-Semitism in Vienna. In the following, the essay investigates if Hertzka merely criticizes the culture of fin-de-siècle Vienna, or, if he produces a unique alternative? http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Utopian Studies Penn State University Press

Seeking Emptiness: Theodor Hertzka's Colonial Utopia Freiland (1890)

Utopian Studies, Volume 22 (1) – Apr 17, 2011

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Penn State University Press
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Copyright © Penn State University Press
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2154-9648
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Abstract

Abstract: Theodor Herzl once contemptuously remarked that he regards Freiland as a joke. This statement surprises if one compares his novel Altneuland ( Oldnewland ) to Theodor Hertzka's Freiland . To say the least, both utopias share many themes and narratives structures. While Altneuland (1902) became the world-renowned manifesto of Zionism, Freiland (1890) cherished popularity only at the time of its publication. Both novels are products of Vienna's fin-de-siècle modernism. Herzl's utopia is set in Palestine, Hertzka places Freiland in the empty space of East Africa. His vision of a new civilization in Africa coincided with European colonialism, nationalism and the surge of anti-Semitism in Vienna. In the following, the essay investigates if Hertzka merely criticizes the culture of fin-de-siècle Vienna, or, if he produces a unique alternative?

Journal

Utopian StudiesPenn State University Press

Published: Apr 17, 2011

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