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Friendship without Reciprocation? Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Blanchot

Friendship without Reciprocation? Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Blanchot <p>Abstract:</p><p>Must friendship involve reciprocity? Drawing on resources in the thought of Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Blanchot this article advances two claims. First, there isn’t simply one form of reciprocity but various forms. The article names two such forms. “Reciprocity as exchange” casts reciprocation as active and involves exchange of benefits in a recognized cycle. In contrast, “reciprocity as correspondence” tolerates degrees of inactivity and connects friends by mutual admiration or commonality of purpose. Second, the article claims that while reciprocation is a feature of some friendships it is not necessary to all. It is possible to conceive of friendship without reciprocation. In these alternative friendships it is the separateness of the friends rather than their togetherness which is central. The article concludes that this minor strand of reciprocation suggests a form of political friendship based around a common heterogeneity, difference, and otherness.</p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Good Society Penn State University Press

Friendship without Reciprocation? Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Blanchot

The Good Society , Volume 27 (1) – Dec 17, 2019

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Publisher
Penn State University Press
Copyright
Copyright © The Pennsylvania State University.
ISSN
1538-9731

Abstract

<p>Abstract:</p><p>Must friendship involve reciprocity? Drawing on resources in the thought of Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Blanchot this article advances two claims. First, there isn’t simply one form of reciprocity but various forms. The article names two such forms. “Reciprocity as exchange” casts reciprocation as active and involves exchange of benefits in a recognized cycle. In contrast, “reciprocity as correspondence” tolerates degrees of inactivity and connects friends by mutual admiration or commonality of purpose. Second, the article claims that while reciprocation is a feature of some friendships it is not necessary to all. It is possible to conceive of friendship without reciprocation. In these alternative friendships it is the separateness of the friends rather than their togetherness which is central. The article concludes that this minor strand of reciprocation suggests a form of political friendship based around a common heterogeneity, difference, and otherness.</p>

Journal

The Good SocietyPenn State University Press

Published: Dec 17, 2019

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