Three pines species, three evergreen broadleaf trees, one C3 and two C4 perennial grasses of subtropical Taiwan were studied to elucidate the correlation between photosystem II (PSII) efficiency and photochemical reflectance index (PRI = (R531 – R570)/(R531 + R570)). Measurements were made at two sites differing in altitude (800 and 2600 m) over several growing seasons. At high elevation, potential PSII efficiency, measured by chlorophyll fluorescence (the ratio of variable to maximal fluorescence; Fv/Fm) at predawn, decreased with decreasing air temperature and varied greatly among species. At the lowest air temperature (− °C) studied, variation in Fv/Fm among species ranged from 0.33 to 0.72. In contrast, at low elevation where air temperature was moderate, seasonal variation in Fv/Fm was small in all of the study species. When species, elevation and season data were pooled, despite the high variation in Fv/Fm among species, a good correlation between Fv/Fm and PRI was observed. When compared at the same value of PRI, Fv/Fm of evergreen trees was higher than that of perennial grasses; however, when the minimum temperature on the measurement day was below 0 °C, Fv/Fm was underestimated relative to PRI. We conclude that PRI could be used as a remote indicator of photosynthetic function when air temperature is above 0 °C.
Tree Physiology – Oxford University Press
Published: Aug 1, 2006
Keywords: altitude chlorophyll fluorescence leaf spectral reflectance PRI season species subtropical
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