Risk Factors for Vitamin A Deficiency among Preschool Aged Children in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

Risk Factors for Vitamin A Deficiency among Preschool Aged Children in Pohnpei, Federated States... In 1993, the Department of Health of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) conducted a population-based stratified random survey among 355 children aged 24–48 months in Pohnpei, one of the four FSM States. The objective was to determine the prevalence, and explore risk factors for vitamin A deficiency (VAD). Trained field workers collected data from a range of demographic, dietary and socioeconomic variables related to the children. The serum retinol concentration was 19.4 ± 7.5 μg/dl (mean ± SD), and the VAD prevalence (serum retinol <20 μg/dl) 53.1 per cent. The significant independent risk factors, determined by logistic regression, were: mother's work at home, sibling <2 years older, rural household located on the main island, early weaning, and child anemia, controlling for pipe water and electricity in the household. If compared with a reference of apparently healthy children of similar age in the USA, the distribution of serum retinol among young Pohnpei children was shifted entirely to low levels.We conclude that eliminating the pervasive VAD problem in Pohnpei would require a multi-pronged tactical approach that combines dietary improvement strategies with the ongoing supplementation effort. « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Trop Pediatr (2004) 50 (1): 16-19. doi: 10.1093/tropej/50.1.16 » Abstract Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Original Paper Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Alert me if commented Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Responses Submit a response No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Yamamura, C. 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Risk Factors for Vitamin A Deficiency among Preschool Aged Children in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press
ISSN
0142-6338
eISSN
1465-3664
D.O.I.
10.1093/tropej/50.1.16
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Abstract

In 1993, the Department of Health of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) conducted a population-based stratified random survey among 355 children aged 24–48 months in Pohnpei, one of the four FSM States. The objective was to determine the prevalence, and explore risk factors for vitamin A deficiency (VAD). Trained field workers collected data from a range of demographic, dietary and socioeconomic variables related to the children. The serum retinol concentration was 19.4 ± 7.5 μg/dl (mean ± SD), and the VAD prevalence (serum retinol <20 μg/dl) 53.1 per cent. The significant independent risk factors, determined by logistic regression, were: mother's work at home, sibling <2 years older, rural household located on the main island, early weaning, and child anemia, controlling for pipe water and electricity in the household. If compared with a reference of apparently healthy children of similar age in the USA, the distribution of serum retinol among young Pohnpei children was shifted entirely to low levels.We conclude that eliminating the pervasive VAD problem in Pohnpei would require a multi-pronged tactical approach that combines dietary improvement strategies with the ongoing supplementation effort. « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Trop Pediatr (2004) 50 (1): 16-19. doi: 10.1093/tropej/50.1.16 » Abstract Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Original Paper Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Alert me if commented Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Responses Submit a response No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Yamamura, C. M. Articles by Iohp, K. K. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Yamamura, C. M. Articles by Sullivan, K. M. Articles by van der Haar, F. Articles by Auerbach, S. B. Articles by Iohp, K. K. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue October 2015 61 (5) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal E-Letters Rights & Permissions Dispatch date of the next issue We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Website Impact factor: 1.256 5-Yr impact factor: 1.201 Editors Dr D Simkiss Professor K Edmond Professor Anuradha Bose Dr. Stephanie Troy Dr. Quique Bassat View full editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Online Submission Instructions Submit Now! Author Self Archiving Policy WhsSvhnOkaAwYG81FJCYgwG7z1LnIP2F true Looking for your next opportunity? Looking for jobs... var jQuery_1_11; if ((typeof jQuery != 'undefined') && (jQuery.fn.jquery == "1.11.3")) { jQuery_1_11 = jQuery.noConflict(true); } Alerting Services Email table of contents Email Advance Access CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints Supplements var taxonomies = ("MED00670"); Most Most Read Challenges in the diagnosis and management of neonatal sepsis Preterm Birth and Neurodevelopment: A Review of Outcomes and Recommendations for Early Identification and Cost-effective Interventions Factors Associated with Colostrum Avoidance Among Mothers of Children Aged less than 24 Months in Raya Kobo district, North-eastern Ethiopia: Community-based Cross-sectional Study Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials Current Neonatal Skin Care Practices in Four African Sites » View all Most Read articles Most Cited MORTALITY IN SECOND AND THIRD DEGREE MALNUTRITION Validation Study of a Verbal Autopsy Method for Causes of Childhood Mortality in Namibia Lactobacillus GG and Acute Diarrhoea in Young Children in the Tropics Does Iron Therapy Benefit Children with Severe Malaria-associated Anaemia? A Clinical Trial with 12 Weeks Supplementation of Oral Iron in Young Children from the Turiani Division, Tanzania Increased Risk for Malaria in Chronically Malnourished Children Under 5 Years of Age in Rural Gambia » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1465-3664 - Print ISSN 0142-6338 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); try { var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-189672-16"); pageTracker._setDomainName(".oxfordjournals.org"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); } catch(err) {}

Journal

Journal of Tropical PediatricsOxford University Press

Published: Feb 1, 2004

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