RELATIONAL MESSAGES ASSOCIATED WITH NONVERBAL BEHAVIORS

RELATIONAL MESSAGES ASSOCIATED WITH NONVERBAL BEHAVIORS Based on the assumptions that relational messages are multidimensional and that they are frequently communicated by nonverbal cues, this experiment manipulated five nonverbal cues ‐eye contact, proximity, body lean, smiling, and touch ‐ to determine what meanings they convey along four relational message dimensions. Subjects (N= 150) observed 2 out of 40 videotaped conversational segments in which a male‐female dyad presented various combinations of the nonverbal cues. High eye contact, close proximity, forward body lean, and smiling all conveyed greater intimacy, attraction, and trust. Low eye contact, a distal position, backward body lean, and the absence of smiling and touch communicated greater detachment. High eye contact, close proximity, and smiling also communicated less emotional arousal and greater composure, while high eye contact and close proximity alone conveyed greater dominance and control. Effects of combinations of cues and sex‐differences are also reported. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Communication Research Oxford University Press

RELATIONAL MESSAGES ASSOCIATED WITH NONVERBAL BEHAVIORS

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 1984 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0360-3989
eISSN
1468-2958
DOI
10.1111/j.1468-2958.1984.tb00023.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Based on the assumptions that relational messages are multidimensional and that they are frequently communicated by nonverbal cues, this experiment manipulated five nonverbal cues ‐eye contact, proximity, body lean, smiling, and touch ‐ to determine what meanings they convey along four relational message dimensions. Subjects (N= 150) observed 2 out of 40 videotaped conversational segments in which a male‐female dyad presented various combinations of the nonverbal cues. High eye contact, close proximity, forward body lean, and smiling all conveyed greater intimacy, attraction, and trust. Low eye contact, a distal position, backward body lean, and the absence of smiling and touch communicated greater detachment. High eye contact, close proximity, and smiling also communicated less emotional arousal and greater composure, while high eye contact and close proximity alone conveyed greater dominance and control. Effects of combinations of cues and sex‐differences are also reported.

Journal

Human Communication ResearchOxford University Press

Published: Mar 1, 1984

References

  • The conceptual domain of interpersonal communication: A factor‐analytic study
    BOCHNER, BOCHNER; KAMINSKI, KAMINSKI; FITZPATRICK, FITZPATRICK
  • Explorations in the process of person perception: Visual interaction in relation to competition, sex. and need for affiliation
    EXLINE, EXLINE
  • Relationship of nonverbal behavior to the social penetration process
    KEISER, KEISER; ALTMAN, ALTMAN
  • Interpersonal distance and impression formation
    PATTERSON, PATTERSON; SECHREST, SECHREST

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