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Learning Potential and the Prediction of Work Skill Acquisition in Schizophrenia

Learning Potential and the Prediction of Work Skill Acquisition in Schizophrenia This study examined whether a measure of learning potential could predict work skill acquisition in schizophrenia beyond the prediction offered by a single administration assessment. Fifty-seven outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a test-train-test version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test as a measure of their learning potential. The outpatients were randomly assigned to training by errorless learning or conventional instruction on two work skills (index card filing and toilet tank assembly). Work skills were assessed both immediately and 3 months after training. Generally, patients with high learning potential performed better on the work skill tasks. Learning potential explained an additional 15 percent of variance beyond single administration assessment in participants' accuracy immediately after work skill training and an additional 13 percent of variance in participants' accuracy 3 months after training. These findings indicate that measures of learning potential contribute to the prediction of work skill acquisition, going beyond the predictive power of single administration assessments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Schizophrenia Bulletin Oxford University Press

Learning Potential and the Prediction of Work Skill Acquisition in Schizophrenia

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References (18)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Schizophrenia Bulletin vol. 31 no. 1 © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press, on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail [email protected]
ISSN
0586-7614
eISSN
1745-1701
DOI
10.1093/schbul/sbi007
pmid
15888426
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined whether a measure of learning potential could predict work skill acquisition in schizophrenia beyond the prediction offered by a single administration assessment. Fifty-seven outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a test-train-test version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test as a measure of their learning potential. The outpatients were randomly assigned to training by errorless learning or conventional instruction on two work skills (index card filing and toilet tank assembly). Work skills were assessed both immediately and 3 months after training. Generally, patients with high learning potential performed better on the work skill tasks. Learning potential explained an additional 15 percent of variance beyond single administration assessment in participants' accuracy immediately after work skill training and an additional 13 percent of variance in participants' accuracy 3 months after training. These findings indicate that measures of learning potential contribute to the prediction of work skill acquisition, going beyond the predictive power of single administration assessments.

Journal

Schizophrenia BulletinOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2005

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