Isolation of a New Homeobox Gene Belonging to the Pitx/Rieg Family: Expression During Lens Development and Mapping to the Aphakia Region on Mouse Chromosome 19

Isolation of a New Homeobox Gene Belonging to the Pitx/Rieg Family: Expression During Lens... We recently reported the positional cloning of a homeobox gene involved in the pathogenesis of Rieger syndrome, RIEG1 , and its mouse homolog, Rieg1 . Rieg1 (also independently described as Pitx2) is highly homologous to the Ptx1/Potx gene product, suggesting that there may be additional members of this novel Pitx family. The Pitx genes play an important role in eye, tooth, pituitary and umbilical region development as evidenced by Rieger syndrome and iris hypoplasia phenotypes, resulting from mutations in the RIEG1 gene and by expression studies. In order to characterize further the Pitx gene family we searched mouse cDNA libraries to identify additional members. A new gene was isolated which encodes a homeoprotein with strong homology to the other Pitx proteins and 97–100% identity in the homeodomain itself, suggesting that this is a third member of the family, Pitx3 . In whole mount in situ hybridization on mouse embryos ranging from 8.5 to 11.5 days post-coitum (d.p.c.), Pitx3 mRNA was seen only in the developing lens starting at day 11. Hybridization on cross-sections revealed strong signals in the lens vesicle in 11 d.p.c. embryos and throughout the lens, particularly in the anterior epithelium and equator region in 15 d.p.c. embryos. Pitx3 was mapped close to aphakia on mouse chromosome 19. The aphakia homozygous mouse is characterized by small eyes lacking a lens, which fail to develop beyond 11 d.p.c. These data make Pitx3 a strong candidate gene for the aphakia phenotype in the mouse and suggest a role for the human homolog in congenital lens malformations. Abbreviations: Abbreviations ak aphakia bp base pair(s) d.p.c. days post-coitum HD homeodomain PCR polymerase chain reaction RIEG Rieger syndrome SSCP single-strand conformational polymorphism UTR untranslated regions © 1997 Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Hum. Mol. Genet. (1997) 6 (12): 2109-2116. doi: 10.1093/hmg/6.12.2109 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Article Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Semina, E. V. Articles by Murray, J. C. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Semina, E. V. Articles by Reiter, R. S. Articles by Murray, J. C. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue November 15, 2015 24 (22) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions Dispatch date of the next issue This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Impact factor: 6.393 5-Yr impact factor: 6.850 Executive Editors Professor Kay Davies Professor Anthony Wynshaw-Boris Professor Joel Hirschhorn Dr Jeffrey Barrett View full editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Online submission Submit Now! Self-archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open This journal enables compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents Email Advance Access CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints Supplements var taxonomies = ("SCI01140"); Most Most Read Genetics of obesity and the prediction of risk for health Non-coding RNA Telomerase and cancer Ion channel diseases Down syndrome--recent progress and future prospects » View all Most Read articles Most Cited The DNA methyltransferases of mammals Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay in Health and Disease Mutation of human short tandem repeats Prediction of deleterious human alleles Isolation of a Candidate Human Telomerase Catalytic Subunit Gene, Which Reveals Complex Splicing Patterns in Different Cell Types » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1460-2083 - Print ISSN 0964-6906 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? 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Isolation of a New Homeobox Gene Belonging to the Pitx/Rieg Family: Expression During Lens Development and Mapping to the Aphakia Region on Mouse Chromosome 19

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press
ISSN
0964-6906
eISSN
1460-2083
DOI
10.1093/hmg/6.12.2109
Publisher site
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Abstract

We recently reported the positional cloning of a homeobox gene involved in the pathogenesis of Rieger syndrome, RIEG1 , and its mouse homolog, Rieg1 . Rieg1 (also independently described as Pitx2) is highly homologous to the Ptx1/Potx gene product, suggesting that there may be additional members of this novel Pitx family. The Pitx genes play an important role in eye, tooth, pituitary and umbilical region development as evidenced by Rieger syndrome and iris hypoplasia phenotypes, resulting from mutations in the RIEG1 gene and by expression studies. In order to characterize further the Pitx gene family we searched mouse cDNA libraries to identify additional members. A new gene was isolated which encodes a homeoprotein with strong homology to the other Pitx proteins and 97–100% identity in the homeodomain itself, suggesting that this is a third member of the family, Pitx3 . In whole mount in situ hybridization on mouse embryos ranging from 8.5 to 11.5 days post-coitum (d.p.c.), Pitx3 mRNA was seen only in the developing lens starting at day 11. Hybridization on cross-sections revealed strong signals in the lens vesicle in 11 d.p.c. embryos and throughout the lens, particularly in the anterior epithelium and equator region in 15 d.p.c. embryos. Pitx3 was mapped close to aphakia on mouse chromosome 19. The aphakia homozygous mouse is characterized by small eyes lacking a lens, which fail to develop beyond 11 d.p.c. These data make Pitx3 a strong candidate gene for the aphakia phenotype in the mouse and suggest a role for the human homolog in congenital lens malformations. Abbreviations: Abbreviations ak aphakia bp base pair(s) d.p.c. days post-coitum HD homeodomain PCR polymerase chain reaction RIEG Rieger syndrome SSCP single-strand conformational polymorphism UTR untranslated regions © 1997 Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Hum. Mol. Genet. (1997) 6 (12): 2109-2116. doi: 10.1093/hmg/6.12.2109 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Article Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Semina, E. V. Articles by Murray, J. C. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Semina, E. V. Articles by Reiter, R. S. Articles by Murray, J. C. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue November 15, 2015 24 (22) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions Dispatch date of the next issue This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Impact factor: 6.393 5-Yr impact factor: 6.850 Executive Editors Professor Kay Davies Professor Anthony Wynshaw-Boris Professor Joel Hirschhorn Dr Jeffrey Barrett View full editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Online submission Submit Now! Self-archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open This journal enables compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents Email Advance Access CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints Supplements var taxonomies = ("SCI01140"); Most Most Read Genetics of obesity and the prediction of risk for health Non-coding RNA Telomerase and cancer Ion channel diseases Down syndrome--recent progress and future prospects » View all Most Read articles Most Cited The DNA methyltransferases of mammals Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay in Health and Disease Mutation of human short tandem repeats Prediction of deleterious human alleles Isolation of a Candidate Human Telomerase Catalytic Subunit Gene, Which Reveals Complex Splicing Patterns in Different Cell Types » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1460-2083 - Print ISSN 0964-6906 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); try { var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-189672-16"); pageTracker._setDomainName(".oxfordjournals.org"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); } catch(err) {}

Journal

Human Molecular GeneticsOxford University Press

Published: Nov 1, 1997

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