Articles How Good Are Endangered Species Recovery Plans? P. DEE BOERSMA, PETER KAREIVA, WILLIAM F. FAGAN, J. ALAN CLARK, AND JONATHAN M. HOEKSTRA cience should be able to guide management Sactions intended to help species that are at risk of ex- THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RECOVERY PLANS tinction. One of the best ways to ask whether science is do- FOR ENDANGERED SPECIES CAN BE IM- ing this job in conservation is to examine the implementation of the US Endangered Species Act (ESA). The ESA’s ultimate PROVED THROUGH INCORPORATION OF goal is to recover listed species (NRC 1995). As part of the re- covery process, the ESA requires the US Fish and Wildlife Ser- DYNAMIC, EXPLICIT SCIENCE IN THE RE- vice (USFWS) or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to develop recovery plans for all listed species, un- COVERY PROCESS, SUCH AS STRONGLY less the agency determines that a recovery plan will not pro- LINKING SPECIES’ BIOLOGY TO RECOVERY mote the conservation of a particular species (16 USC 1533[f ]). Recovery plans are the central documents avail- CRITERIA able to decisionmakers and serve as guides for the manage- ment and recovery of threatened and endangered species. Be- cause these plans play
BioScience – Oxford University Press
Published: Aug 1, 2001
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