BISI5109_765-779_BLcor 9/4/01 7:36 PM Page 765 Articles Global Change in Forests: Responses of Species, Communities, and Biomes ANDREW J. HANSEN, RONALD P. NEILSON, VIRGINIA H. DALE, CURTIS H. FLATHER, LOUIS R. IVERSON, DAVID J. CURRIE, SARAH SHAFER, ROSAMONDE COOK, PATRICK J. BARTLEIN lobal change is often perceived as human-induced INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CLIMATE Gmodifications in climate. Indeed, human activities have undeniably altered the atmosphere, and probably the climate CHANGE AND LAND USE ARE PROJECTED as well (Watson et al. 1998). At the same time, most of the world’s forests have also been extensively modified by human TO CAUSE LARGE SHIFTS IN BIODIVERSITY use of the land (Houghton 1994). Thus, climate and land use are two prongs of human-induced global change. The effect of these forces on forests is mediated by the organisms within This article serves as a primer on forest biodiversity as a key forests. Consideration of climate, land use, and biological component of global change. We first synthesize current diversity is key to understanding forest response to global knowledge of interactions among climate, land use, and bio- change. diversity. We then summarize the results of new analyses on Biological diversity refers to the variety of life at organiza-
BioScience – Oxford University Press
Published: Sep 1, 2001
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