Ficus (Moraceae) and Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea): Figs and their pollinators

Ficus (Moraceae) and Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea): Figs and their pollinators Attempts are made to meet discrepancies between the botanical classification of Ficus and the zoological classification of its pollinators. They are discussed as Ficus elastica, subgen. Pharmacosycea, subsect. Palaeomorphe, dioecism in Ficus, the Ceratosolen complex, and sect. Conosycea. It seems from the botanical side that the evolution of Ficus into subgenera and sections preceded that of its insects into genera. On the whole there are no grounds for reclassification of Ficua, but leaf structure indicates that some rearrangement of the species of subgen. Urostigma sect. Conosycea may be needed to fit the entomology. Ficus asperiuscula poses a problem in sect. Sycidium. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Oxford University Press

Ficus (Moraceae) and Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea): Figs and their pollinators

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0024-4066
eISSN
1095-8312
DOI
10.1111/j.1095-8312.1985.tb00391.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Attempts are made to meet discrepancies between the botanical classification of Ficus and the zoological classification of its pollinators. They are discussed as Ficus elastica, subgen. Pharmacosycea, subsect. Palaeomorphe, dioecism in Ficus, the Ceratosolen complex, and sect. Conosycea. It seems from the botanical side that the evolution of Ficus into subgenera and sections preceded that of its insects into genera. On the whole there are no grounds for reclassification of Ficua, but leaf structure indicates that some rearrangement of the species of subgen. Urostigma sect. Conosycea may be needed to fit the entomology. Ficus asperiuscula poses a problem in sect. Sycidium.

Journal

Biological Journal of the Linnean SocietyOxford University Press

Published: Jun 1, 1985

References

  • Co‐evolution of figs and their insect pollinators
    WIEBES, WIEBES
  • The phylogeny of the Agaonidae (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea)
    WIEBES, WIEBES

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