Effect of dietary galacto-oligosaccharides on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci and colorectal cancer in Fischer 344 rats

Effect of dietary galacto-oligosaccharides on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci and... The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS, Elix'or) on the development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colorectal tumours in rats treated with azoxymethane (AOM). Two groups of 102 male Fischer 344 rats were injected twice with AOM to induce colorectal tumours, and fed diets containing either a low (5% (w/w); LGOS) or a high (20% (w/w); HGOS) concentration of GOS. Four weeks after the last AOM injection, 18 animals from each group were killed and their colon was removed for scoring ACF. Half of the animals in the LGOS group were switched to an HGOS diet (L/HGOS) and half of those in the HGOS group to an LGOS diet (H/LGOS). Six weeks after the change in diet, nine animals per group were killed for scoring ACF. Ten months after the start of the study the remaining animals were killed for scoring colorectal tumours. The aberrant crypt multiplicity scored after 13 weeks and the colorectal tumour incidence in rats fed an HGOS diet were significantly lower than those in rats fed an LGOS diet. However, the induction of ACF by AOM, the proliferation rate and apoptotic index of the adenomas, and the size and multiplicity of colorectal tumours were not influenced by the amount of GOS in the diet. The aberrant crypt multiplicity, scored after 13 weeks, was predictive for the tumour outcome at the end of the study. It was concluded that an HGOS diet has a protective effect against the development of colorectal tumours in rats and that this protective effect is exerted during the promotion phase rather than the initiation phase of carcinogenesis. Key words AC, aberrant crypt ACF, aberrant crypt focus AOM, azoxymethane DMH, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine GOS, galacto-oligosaccharides LGOS, low GOS HGOS, high GOS SCFA, short-chain fatty acids. © Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Carcinogenesis (2001) 22 (1): 127-132. doi: 10.1093/carcin/22.1.127 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Cancer Biology Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Wijnands, M. Articles by Woutersen, R. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Wijnands, M. Articles by Schoterman, H. Articles by Bruijntjes, J. Articles by Hollanders, V. Articles by Woutersen, R. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue October 2015 36 (10) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions Dispatch date of the next issue This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Impact factor: 5.334 5-Yr impact factor: 5.698 Editor-in-Chief Dr Curtis C Harris, USA View full editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Online submission Submit Now! Self archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open This journal enables compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents Email Advance Access CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints Supplements var taxonomies = ("MED00710"); Most Most Read Apoptosis in cancer Modulation of E-cadherin expression by K-Ras; involvement of DNA methyltransferase-3b Assessing the carcinogenic potential of low-dose exposures to chemical mixtures in the environment: the challenge ahead Tumor progression and metastasis Cancer-related inflammation, the seventh hallmark of cancer: links to genetic instability » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Oxyradicals and DNA damage Sensing and repairing DNA double-strand breaks Functional role of estrogen metabolism in target cells: review and perspectives Apoptosis in cancer Nucleotide excision repair and human syndromes » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1460-2180 - Print ISSN 0143-3334 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? 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Effect of dietary galacto-oligosaccharides on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci and colorectal cancer in Fischer 344 rats

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
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Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press
ISSN
0143-3334
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1460-2180
DOI
10.1093/carcin/22.1.127
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS, Elix'or) on the development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colorectal tumours in rats treated with azoxymethane (AOM). Two groups of 102 male Fischer 344 rats were injected twice with AOM to induce colorectal tumours, and fed diets containing either a low (5% (w/w); LGOS) or a high (20% (w/w); HGOS) concentration of GOS. Four weeks after the last AOM injection, 18 animals from each group were killed and their colon was removed for scoring ACF. Half of the animals in the LGOS group were switched to an HGOS diet (L/HGOS) and half of those in the HGOS group to an LGOS diet (H/LGOS). Six weeks after the change in diet, nine animals per group were killed for scoring ACF. Ten months after the start of the study the remaining animals were killed for scoring colorectal tumours. The aberrant crypt multiplicity scored after 13 weeks and the colorectal tumour incidence in rats fed an HGOS diet were significantly lower than those in rats fed an LGOS diet. However, the induction of ACF by AOM, the proliferation rate and apoptotic index of the adenomas, and the size and multiplicity of colorectal tumours were not influenced by the amount of GOS in the diet. The aberrant crypt multiplicity, scored after 13 weeks, was predictive for the tumour outcome at the end of the study. It was concluded that an HGOS diet has a protective effect against the development of colorectal tumours in rats and that this protective effect is exerted during the promotion phase rather than the initiation phase of carcinogenesis. Key words AC, aberrant crypt ACF, aberrant crypt focus AOM, azoxymethane DMH, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine GOS, galacto-oligosaccharides LGOS, low GOS HGOS, high GOS SCFA, short-chain fatty acids. © Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Carcinogenesis (2001) 22 (1): 127-132. doi: 10.1093/carcin/22.1.127 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Cancer Biology Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Wijnands, M. Articles by Woutersen, R. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Wijnands, M. Articles by Schoterman, H. Articles by Bruijntjes, J. Articles by Hollanders, V. Articles by Woutersen, R. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue October 2015 36 (10) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions Dispatch date of the next issue This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Impact factor: 5.334 5-Yr impact factor: 5.698 Editor-in-Chief Dr Curtis C Harris, USA View full editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Online submission Submit Now! Self archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open This journal enables compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents Email Advance Access CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints Supplements var taxonomies = ("MED00710"); Most Most Read Apoptosis in cancer Modulation of E-cadherin expression by K-Ras; involvement of DNA methyltransferase-3b Assessing the carcinogenic potential of low-dose exposures to chemical mixtures in the environment: the challenge ahead Tumor progression and metastasis Cancer-related inflammation, the seventh hallmark of cancer: links to genetic instability » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Oxyradicals and DNA damage Sensing and repairing DNA double-strand breaks Functional role of estrogen metabolism in target cells: review and perspectives Apoptosis in cancer Nucleotide excision repair and human syndromes » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1460-2180 - Print ISSN 0143-3334 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? 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Journal

CarcinogenesisOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2001

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