Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Does the Community Prosecution Strategy Reduce Crime? A Test of Chicago's Experience

Does the Community Prosecution Strategy Reduce Crime? A Test of Chicago's Experience A new strategy of criminal prosecution, called community prosecution, emerged in the past two decades. The strategy breaks with the traditional approach to prosecution in which a prosecutor works in an office adjacent to a criminal court, processes a large volume of cases, and measures success with conviction rates and sentence lengths. In community prosecution, a prosecutor works directly in a neighborhood, develops relationships with local groups, aligns enforcement priorities with residents' public safety concerns, and seeks solutions to prevent crime. This article presents the first estimates of community prosecution's impact on crime. Over a fifteen-year period, Chicago's top prosecutor twice applied the community prosecution strategy in some (but not all) neighborhoods, and this sequence of two off/on policy episodes permits plausible identification of the strategy's impact. Differences-in-differences estimates show that community prosecution reduced certain categories of crime, such as aggravated assault, but had no effect on other categories, such as larceny. The diversity of practices under the rubric of community prosecution makes generalization difficult, but the estimates from Chicago show that the strategy has the potential to produce cost-justified reductions in crime. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Law and Economics Review Oxford University Press

Does the Community Prosecution Strategy Reduce Crime? A Test of Chicago's Experience

American Law and Economics Review , Volume 16 (1) – Mar 14, 2014

Loading next page...
 
/lp/oxford-university-press/does-the-community-prosecution-strategy-reduce-crime-a-test-of-chicago-WWUPkOjb0L
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Law and Economics Association. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissionsoup.com.
Subject
Articles
ISSN
1465-7252
eISSN
1465-7260
DOI
10.1093/aler/aht012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A new strategy of criminal prosecution, called community prosecution, emerged in the past two decades. The strategy breaks with the traditional approach to prosecution in which a prosecutor works in an office adjacent to a criminal court, processes a large volume of cases, and measures success with conviction rates and sentence lengths. In community prosecution, a prosecutor works directly in a neighborhood, develops relationships with local groups, aligns enforcement priorities with residents' public safety concerns, and seeks solutions to prevent crime. This article presents the first estimates of community prosecution's impact on crime. Over a fifteen-year period, Chicago's top prosecutor twice applied the community prosecution strategy in some (but not all) neighborhoods, and this sequence of two off/on policy episodes permits plausible identification of the strategy's impact. Differences-in-differences estimates show that community prosecution reduced certain categories of crime, such as aggravated assault, but had no effect on other categories, such as larceny. The diversity of practices under the rubric of community prosecution makes generalization difficult, but the estimates from Chicago show that the strategy has the potential to produce cost-justified reductions in crime.

Journal

American Law and Economics ReviewOxford University Press

Published: Mar 14, 2014

Keywords: K14 K42

There are no references for this article.