paper presumes broad definitions of technology and media, such as those given by Ikniger (1986), who defines technology as âany intentional extension of a natural process, that is, processing o f matter, energy, and information that characterizes all living systemsâ (p. 91, and McLuhan (l964), who defines a medium as any âextension of manâ (p. 21). See Nass and Mason (1990) for an in-depth discussion of the practical and (cont.) .Jonathan Steuer is a doctoral student in the Department of Communication at Stanford University, Stanford, California. The author wishes to express his gratitude to Clifford Nass for his invaluable assistance with this paper. Thanks also to Henry Breitrose, Benjamin Detenber, Gens Johnson, Shari Levine, Matthew Lombard, Geetu Melwani, Dave Voelker, and many others who read and commented on various drafts of this paper. Their insightful and thoughtprovoking comments were very much appreciated. Finally, thanks to Byron Reeves, whose interest in the idea o f âbeing thereâ helped to motivate this discussion. Copyright 0 1992 Journal of Communication 42(4), Autumn. 0021-9916/92/$0.0+ .05 JOU rnal ofâCbmmunication, A U t U rnri 1992 VR,â depending o n whether it includes a minimal corpus of particular machines. Second, such a definition provides
Journal of Communication – Oxford University Press
Published: Dec 1, 1992
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