What is the fate of scientific abstracts presented at the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy meetings?

What is the fate of scientific abstracts presented at the International Society for Hip... Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 157–161 doi: 10.1093/jhps/hny005 Advance Access Publication 12 March 2018 Research article What is the fate of scientific abstracts presented at the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy meetings? 1 1 1 Benedict U. Nwachukwu *, Venkat Boddapati , Michael C. Fu , 2 1 3 Brian J. Rebolledo , Anil S. Ranawat and Marc R. Safran Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA, Division of Orthopedics Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, 92037, USA and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Mail Code 6342, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA *Correspondence to: B. U. Nwachukwu. E-mail: nwachukwub@hss.edu This investigation was performed at the Hospital for Special Surgery. Submitted 7 August 2017; Revised 24 December 2017; revised version accepted 11 February 2018 ABSTRACT Publication rates for general sports medicine society meetings have been studied but little is known about the publication rate for subspecialty sports medicine meetings. The purpose of this study was to determine the publi- cation rates of abstracts presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy (ISHA) from 2011 to 2014. A database of abstracts presented at the annual meetings of ISHA was compiled. Abstracts that reached manuscript publication were determined using a PubMed search of the Medline database and Google Scholar. Statistical analyses were primarily descriptive. A total of 220 podium abstracts and 454 posters were presented at ISHA annual meetings from 2011 to 2014. Of the 220 podium presentations, 118 (53.6%) were eventually published with 91.5% of these being published within 3 years. Of the 454 posters, 182 (40.1%) were published with 95.6% being published in 3 years. Podium presentations had a significantly higher publication rate (P< 0.001). Published podium and poster presentations were most frequently published in the Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (podium: 24.6%; poster: 28.6%). The overall publication rate of scientific ab- stracts presented at the Annual ISHA meeting approximates that of general sports medicine society meetings. Podium presentations are significantly more likely to be published than scientific research presented as poster. These findings may highlight the scientific and educational merit of content presented. Continued attention is needed to maintain and improve the quality of abstracts presented at ISHA meetings. INTRODUCTION As such, compared with other subspecialty organiza- The International Society for Hip Arthroscopy (ISHA) is a tions within sports medicine and orthopedic surgery, subspecialty organization within sports medicine dedicated ISHA is relatively new. Since ISHA was founded, hip to disseminating knowledge, highlighting technical ad- arthroscopy has become well established and the number vances and improving the quality of care provided to of publications related to hip arthroscopy has grown patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. ISHA’s founding quickly. As such, the ISHA annual meetings are now a members consisted of international leaders in hip arthros- focal point for international education and research copy and in 2008 ISHA was formed out of a desire in arthroscopic hip surgery. Annually, these meetings by these founding members to provide a community are hosted in different international locations and are at- where concepts and issues specific to hip arthroscopy tended by leaders in hip arthroscopy from all over the could be discussed, as no such forum existed at that time. world. V C The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 158  B. U. Nwachukwu et al. Abstracts presented at ISHA scientific meetings either in Table I. Total number of presented and published poster or in podium format are ideally used to disseminate podiums and presentations at ISHA meetings from current research that may influence clinical practice. 2011 to 2014 Similar to other scientific meetings within orthopaedic sur- 2011 2012 2013 2014 gery and musculoskeletal medicine, the scientific merit of professional society or subspecialty meetings is gauged by Podium 47 45 67 61 the eventual publication rate of abstracts presented at these presentations meetings. The publication rates for scientific abstracts pre- Published 28 (59.6) 27 (60.0) 32 (47.8) 31 (50.8) sented at general orthopedic meetings [1, 2], general podiums (%) sports medicine society meetings [3] and sports medicine subspecialty meetings [1, 4, 5] have been reported previ- Poster 75 129 130 120 ously. However these prior studies report on annual meet- presentations ings for societies and technical procedures that have been Published 29 (38.7) 52 (40.3) 50 (38.5) 51 (42.5) well established. Less is known about the scientific and posters (%) publication rates of less well-established societies like ISHA and relatively new procedures like hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the publica- Data extracted for each abstract included date of publica- tion rates of poster and podium presentations at ISHA tion and journal of publication. From these data points annual meetings from 2011 from 2014. We hypothesized time to publication was calculated as well as percentage of that podium presentations would be published at a higher abstracts published and percentage published within 3 years rate than poster presentations and that the majority of of presentation at the ISHA meeting. Data were collected podium presentations would reach eventual publication. and analysed in Microsoft Excel 2013 (Microsoft, Redmond, WA). Statistical analysis was primarily descrip- MATERIALS AND METHODS tive. Chi-square analysis was used to compare the publica- The official final programs for the 2011 through 2014 tion rates of podium and poster presentations. ISHA annual meetings were reviewed in April 2017 and all podium and poster presentation abstracts were collected RESULTS and compiled into a database for analysis. These years A total of 674 unique scientific abstracts were presented at were selected based on the earliest available complete ISHA annual meetings between 2011 and 2014. Of these, program packet and 2014 was selected as the most recent 220 abstracts were presented in podium format and 454 year in order to provide at least a 36-month window for abstracts were presented as posters (Table I). manuscript preparation, peer review and publication from initial abstract presentation. A 36-month window from abstract presentation is an accepted time frame to Podium presentations minimize lead-time bias in these types of studies [3, 6]. Of the 220 podium presentations, 102 (53.6%) went on to We searched for abstracts reaching publication by eventual publication. Of those reaching publication, the searching the Medline database using the PubMed inter- mean time to publication was 14.1 months (SD6 17.2) face. Studies not found on PubMed were secondarily and 108 (91.5%) were published within 3 years. Podium searched by using the Google Scholar engine to identify presentations were most commonly published in the non-Medline publications. This search strategy has been Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (N ¼ 29, demonstrated to be comprehensive and is similar to meth- 24.6%) followed by the American Journal of Sports Medicine odologies applied in prior such studies [1, 3, 7–9]. One of (N ¼ 21, 17.8%). the authors (VB) conducted searches in both databases using abstract titles and author names. A search of author Poster presentations publications was also performed before any publication was considered unpublished. For studies identified as un- Of the 454 poster presentations, 272 (40.1%) went on to published, a second author (BN) repeated the search on eventual publication. Of those reaching publication, the each database to verify lack of publication. For studies mean time to publication was 14.0 months (SD6 14.4) where the title of the publication was reworded or altered, and 174 (95.6%) were published within 3 years. Poster it was included as published if it retained the same focus as presentations were most commonly published in the the presented abstract. Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (N ¼ 52, 28.6%) Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 What is the fate of scientific abstracts?  159 Table II. Characteristics of podiums and posters meetings in this study. In a short time, JHPS has published a significant number of these papers as well. presented at ISHA from 2011 to 2014 The identified rate of publication for scientific abstracts Podium Poster presented at ISHA meetings is comparable with rates of Total podium presentations 220 454 publication for general orthopaedic and subspecialty sports medicine meetings and is actually higher than other ortho- Never published (%) 102 (46.4) 272 (59.9) paedic meetings with an international focus. Frank et al. Published (%) 118 (53.6) 182 (40.1) [4] analysed the publication rate of poster and podium presentations at the Arthroscopy Association of North # Published within 3 years (%) 108 (91.5) 174 (95.6) American (AANA) annual meetings from 2008 to 2012. Mean months to publication (SD) 14.1 (17.2) 14.0 (14.4) The authors used similar search strategies to the present study and found that for podium presentations there was a Journals (%) 59% rate of publication while for poster presentations Arthroscopy 29 (24.6) 52 (28.6) there was a 44% rate of publication. The respective podium and poster presentation publication rates presented by AJSM 21 (17.8) 27 (14.8) Frank et al. are comparable with the findings of the present J Hip Preservation 6 (5.1) 15 (8.2) study (59% versus 54% for podiums and 44% versus 40% for posters). The publication rate for scientific abstracts KSSTA 6 (5.1) 11 (6.0) presented at ISHA is also similar to that of abstracts pre- JBJS 4 (3.4) 2 (1.1) sented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery (AAOS). Donnegan et al. [2] re- Other 52 (44.1) 72 (39.6) ported the 5-year publication rate of scientific abstracts These journals are the most representative sample of journals where abstracts presented at the 2001 AAOS annual meeting. The authors are published. b reported 52% and 47% publication rates for podium pres- Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery started in 2014. entations and poster presentations, respectively. Notably, Kinsella et al. [3] similarly analysed the publication rates followed by the American Journal of Sports Medicine for podium and poster presentations at the American (N ¼ 27, 14.8%) (Table II). Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Meetings from Overall, podium presentations had a significantly higher 2006 to 2010. The authors reported a publication rate of publication rate when compared with poster presentations 73.3% for podium presentations and a 56.9% publication (53.6% versus 40.1%; P< 0.001). rate for posters. The publication rates for international orthopaedic society meetings have also been published. Eck et al. [5] DISCUSSION evaluated the publication rate for abstracts presented at the This study investigated the publication rate of scientific meetings of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee abstracts presented at the annual meeting of the ISHA Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS). The from 2011 to 2014. We found that approximately half of author reported that the overall rate of publication from abstracts presented as podium presentations (53.6%) go the 1997 and 1999 meetings were 34.6% and 39.3%, re- on to publication in a peer-reviewed journal while 40.1% spectively. More recently, Al-Hourani et al. [10] reported of poster presentations progress to publication within a on the publication rate for podium presentations at minimum 3 years of presentation. Podium presentations SICOT (International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and were significantly more likely to be published than poster Traumatology) annual conferences. The authors found presentations. Additionally, the vast majority of scientific that there was a 5-year rate (31.3%) of publication for po- abstracts reach publication within 3 years of presentation dium presentations. International meetings and societies and those reaching publication are most commonly pub- seek to attract a global diversity of scientific input and con- lished in the Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research, ceivably with travel limitations there may a dilution of sci- and secondarily the American Journal of Sports Medicine. As entific impact—with a resultant decrease in the rate of such we accept our study hypotheses. It should be noted scientific abstract publication. The rate of scientific abstract that the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery (JHPS), dedi- publication from ISHA meetings is higher than what has cated to hip preservation, similar to the purpose of ISHA, been reported for other international meetings and is com- did not begin to publish until 2014, the last year of ISHA parable with US and general sports medicine meetings. Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 160  B. U. Nwachukwu et al. There has been a paucity of evidence on the publication publication. Finally, we allowed a minimum 3-year window rate for hip-,focused scientific abstracts. In 2009, Whitehouse for publication; however, prior evidence on academic et al. [9] evaluated the publication rates for hip surgery- orthopedic publishing has demonstrated that it can take related podium presentations presented at the British and up to 5 years for scientific data to reach eventual European Hip Society, British Orthopaedic Association and publication [11]. European Federation of Orthopaedics and Traumatology be- tween 2003 and 2006. The authors found a mean publication CONCLUSIONS rate of 23.4%. As such the authors counseled for cautious in- Approximately half of scientific abstracts presented in terpretation of the findings for hip-related abstracts presented podium format at ISHA meetings (53.6%) go on to publi- at scientific meetings. The findings and conclusions by cation in a peer-reviewed journal while 40.1% of poster Whitehouse et al. underscore the rationale and founding prin- presentations progress to publication. Podium presenta- ciple for the formation of ISHA. Prior to the founding of tions are significantly more likely to be published than ISHA and the widespread acceptance of hip preservation poster presentations. Additionally, the vast majority of techniques, hip-related research was met with a degree scientific abstracts reach publication within 3 years of of skepticism and resistance from within the academic presentation. The identified rate of publication for ISHA orthopaedic community. The countenance of the ortho- scientific abstracts is comparable with other annual sports paedic community toward hip preservation surgery at that medicine meetings and is higher than orthopaedic meet- time likely underscored the low publication rate reported by ings with an international focus. Whitehouse et al. As hip arthroscopy and hip preservation techniques became increasingly established within the ortho- FUNDING paedic community, the founding members of ISHA sought No external funding was used to conduct this study. to encourage the highest level of scientific rigor for hip- related research and to provide a forum wherein these studies CONFLICT OF INTEREST STATEMENT could be presented and discussed. The authors of this study None declared. believe that the high publication rate of scientific poster and podium presentations reported in this study confirms not only the scientific merit of ISHA meetings but also the aca- REFERENCES demic rigor with which abstracts are selected for presentation 1. Bhandari M, Devereaux PJ, Guyatt GH et al. An observational at these meetings. The high publication rate for scientific study of orthopaedic abstracts and subsequent full-text publica- abstracts presented at ISHA is all the more remarkable given tions. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume that during the years under investigation ISHA did not 2002; 84-a: 615–21. have a reciprocal journal relationship whereas other society 2. Donegan DJ, Kim TW, Lee GC. Publication rates of presenta- meetings such as AANA have their corresponding journal tions at an annual meeting of the American Academy of (Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery) and AOSSM Orthopaedic Surgeons. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (American Journal of Sports Medicine). Beginning in 2014, 2010; 468: 1428–35. 3. Kinsella SD, Menge TJ, Anderson AF et al. Publication rates of ISHA developed a reciprocal relationship with the JHPS and podium versus poster presentations at the American Orthopaedic it is possible that scientific abstracts presented in more recent Society for Sports Medicine meetings: 2006-2010. The American meetings will have an even higher rate of publication given a Journal of Sports Medicine May 2015; 43: 1255–9. suitable target journal. 4. Frank RM, Cvetanovich GL, Collins MJ et al. Publication rates of This study has certain limitations that are worth noting. podium versus poster Presentations at the Arthroscopy We limited our search to PubMed and Google Scholar and Association of North America Meetings 2008–2012. Arthroscopy: may have missed publications indexed through other The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International databases. Additionally, because study titles and author Arthroscopy Association Jan 2017; 33: 6–11. ordering may change it is possible that we may have missed 5. Eck JC. Publication rates of abstracts presented at Biennial publications that changed these variables; however, we Meetings of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee attempted to attenuate the risk of this error by recruiting Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. Knee Surgery, Sports a second author to verify studies that were excluded. Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 2005; Comparative analysis between published and unpublished 13: 426–9. abstracts was prohibited by a lack of access to abstract con- 6. Lehman JD, Nwachukwu BU, Ferraro R et al. Publication rates of tent for the majority of studies that did not reach eventual podium presentation abstracts at the Arthroscopy Association of Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 What is the fate of scientific abstracts?  161 North America Annual meetings 2004–2012. Arthroscopy: The 9. Whitehouse MR, Atwal NS, Blom AW. Publication rates for hip Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: official Publication of the surgery-related abstracts presented at national and international meetings. Orthopedics Jun 2009; 32: 407. Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 2017; 33: 835–39. 10. Al-Hourani K, Al-Aref R, Ley-Greaves R et al. Five-year publica- 7. DeMola PM, Hill DL, Rogers K et al. Publication rate of abstracts tion rate of podium presentations at SICOT Annual Conference: presented at the shoulder and elbow session of the American an observational study and new objective proposal of conference Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery. Clinical Orthopaedics and power. SICOT J 2017; 3: 36. Related Research 2009; 467: 1629–33. 11. Okike K, Kocher MS, Nwachukwu BU et al. The fate of manu- 8. Gavazza JB, Foulkes GD, Meals RA. Publication pattern of papers scripts rejected by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery presented at the American Society for Surgery of the Hand annual (American volume). The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. meeting. The Journal of Hand Surgery Sep 1996; 21: 742–5. American Volume 2012; 94: e130. 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What is the fate of scientific abstracts presented at the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy meetings?

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Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 157–161 doi: 10.1093/jhps/hny005 Advance Access Publication 12 March 2018 Research article What is the fate of scientific abstracts presented at the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy meetings? 1 1 1 Benedict U. Nwachukwu *, Venkat Boddapati , Michael C. Fu , 2 1 3 Brian J. Rebolledo , Anil S. Ranawat and Marc R. Safran Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA, Division of Orthopedics Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, 92037, USA and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Mail Code 6342, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA *Correspondence to: B. U. Nwachukwu. E-mail: nwachukwub@hss.edu This investigation was performed at the Hospital for Special Surgery. Submitted 7 August 2017; Revised 24 December 2017; revised version accepted 11 February 2018 ABSTRACT Publication rates for general sports medicine society meetings have been studied but little is known about the publication rate for subspecialty sports medicine meetings. The purpose of this study was to determine the publi- cation rates of abstracts presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Hip Arthroscopy (ISHA) from 2011 to 2014. A database of abstracts presented at the annual meetings of ISHA was compiled. Abstracts that reached manuscript publication were determined using a PubMed search of the Medline database and Google Scholar. Statistical analyses were primarily descriptive. A total of 220 podium abstracts and 454 posters were presented at ISHA annual meetings from 2011 to 2014. Of the 220 podium presentations, 118 (53.6%) were eventually published with 91.5% of these being published within 3 years. Of the 454 posters, 182 (40.1%) were published with 95.6% being published in 3 years. Podium presentations had a significantly higher publication rate (P< 0.001). Published podium and poster presentations were most frequently published in the Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (podium: 24.6%; poster: 28.6%). The overall publication rate of scientific ab- stracts presented at the Annual ISHA meeting approximates that of general sports medicine society meetings. Podium presentations are significantly more likely to be published than scientific research presented as poster. These findings may highlight the scientific and educational merit of content presented. Continued attention is needed to maintain and improve the quality of abstracts presented at ISHA meetings. INTRODUCTION As such, compared with other subspecialty organiza- The International Society for Hip Arthroscopy (ISHA) is a tions within sports medicine and orthopedic surgery, subspecialty organization within sports medicine dedicated ISHA is relatively new. Since ISHA was founded, hip to disseminating knowledge, highlighting technical ad- arthroscopy has become well established and the number vances and improving the quality of care provided to of publications related to hip arthroscopy has grown patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. ISHA’s founding quickly. As such, the ISHA annual meetings are now a members consisted of international leaders in hip arthros- focal point for international education and research copy and in 2008 ISHA was formed out of a desire in arthroscopic hip surgery. Annually, these meetings by these founding members to provide a community are hosted in different international locations and are at- where concepts and issues specific to hip arthroscopy tended by leaders in hip arthroscopy from all over the could be discussed, as no such forum existed at that time. world. V C The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 158  B. U. Nwachukwu et al. Abstracts presented at ISHA scientific meetings either in Table I. Total number of presented and published poster or in podium format are ideally used to disseminate podiums and presentations at ISHA meetings from current research that may influence clinical practice. 2011 to 2014 Similar to other scientific meetings within orthopaedic sur- 2011 2012 2013 2014 gery and musculoskeletal medicine, the scientific merit of professional society or subspecialty meetings is gauged by Podium 47 45 67 61 the eventual publication rate of abstracts presented at these presentations meetings. The publication rates for scientific abstracts pre- Published 28 (59.6) 27 (60.0) 32 (47.8) 31 (50.8) sented at general orthopedic meetings [1, 2], general podiums (%) sports medicine society meetings [3] and sports medicine subspecialty meetings [1, 4, 5] have been reported previ- Poster 75 129 130 120 ously. However these prior studies report on annual meet- presentations ings for societies and technical procedures that have been Published 29 (38.7) 52 (40.3) 50 (38.5) 51 (42.5) well established. Less is known about the scientific and posters (%) publication rates of less well-established societies like ISHA and relatively new procedures like hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the publica- Data extracted for each abstract included date of publica- tion rates of poster and podium presentations at ISHA tion and journal of publication. From these data points annual meetings from 2011 from 2014. We hypothesized time to publication was calculated as well as percentage of that podium presentations would be published at a higher abstracts published and percentage published within 3 years rate than poster presentations and that the majority of of presentation at the ISHA meeting. Data were collected podium presentations would reach eventual publication. and analysed in Microsoft Excel 2013 (Microsoft, Redmond, WA). Statistical analysis was primarily descrip- MATERIALS AND METHODS tive. Chi-square analysis was used to compare the publica- The official final programs for the 2011 through 2014 tion rates of podium and poster presentations. ISHA annual meetings were reviewed in April 2017 and all podium and poster presentation abstracts were collected RESULTS and compiled into a database for analysis. These years A total of 674 unique scientific abstracts were presented at were selected based on the earliest available complete ISHA annual meetings between 2011 and 2014. Of these, program packet and 2014 was selected as the most recent 220 abstracts were presented in podium format and 454 year in order to provide at least a 36-month window for abstracts were presented as posters (Table I). manuscript preparation, peer review and publication from initial abstract presentation. A 36-month window from abstract presentation is an accepted time frame to Podium presentations minimize lead-time bias in these types of studies [3, 6]. Of the 220 podium presentations, 102 (53.6%) went on to We searched for abstracts reaching publication by eventual publication. Of those reaching publication, the searching the Medline database using the PubMed inter- mean time to publication was 14.1 months (SD6 17.2) face. Studies not found on PubMed were secondarily and 108 (91.5%) were published within 3 years. Podium searched by using the Google Scholar engine to identify presentations were most commonly published in the non-Medline publications. This search strategy has been Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (N ¼ 29, demonstrated to be comprehensive and is similar to meth- 24.6%) followed by the American Journal of Sports Medicine odologies applied in prior such studies [1, 3, 7–9]. One of (N ¼ 21, 17.8%). the authors (VB) conducted searches in both databases using abstract titles and author names. A search of author Poster presentations publications was also performed before any publication was considered unpublished. For studies identified as un- Of the 454 poster presentations, 272 (40.1%) went on to published, a second author (BN) repeated the search on eventual publication. Of those reaching publication, the each database to verify lack of publication. For studies mean time to publication was 14.0 months (SD6 14.4) where the title of the publication was reworded or altered, and 174 (95.6%) were published within 3 years. Poster it was included as published if it retained the same focus as presentations were most commonly published in the the presented abstract. Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research (N ¼ 52, 28.6%) Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 What is the fate of scientific abstracts?  159 Table II. Characteristics of podiums and posters meetings in this study. In a short time, JHPS has published a significant number of these papers as well. presented at ISHA from 2011 to 2014 The identified rate of publication for scientific abstracts Podium Poster presented at ISHA meetings is comparable with rates of Total podium presentations 220 454 publication for general orthopaedic and subspecialty sports medicine meetings and is actually higher than other ortho- Never published (%) 102 (46.4) 272 (59.9) paedic meetings with an international focus. Frank et al. Published (%) 118 (53.6) 182 (40.1) [4] analysed the publication rate of poster and podium presentations at the Arthroscopy Association of North # Published within 3 years (%) 108 (91.5) 174 (95.6) American (AANA) annual meetings from 2008 to 2012. Mean months to publication (SD) 14.1 (17.2) 14.0 (14.4) The authors used similar search strategies to the present study and found that for podium presentations there was a Journals (%) 59% rate of publication while for poster presentations Arthroscopy 29 (24.6) 52 (28.6) there was a 44% rate of publication. The respective podium and poster presentation publication rates presented by AJSM 21 (17.8) 27 (14.8) Frank et al. are comparable with the findings of the present J Hip Preservation 6 (5.1) 15 (8.2) study (59% versus 54% for podiums and 44% versus 40% for posters). The publication rate for scientific abstracts KSSTA 6 (5.1) 11 (6.0) presented at ISHA is also similar to that of abstracts pre- JBJS 4 (3.4) 2 (1.1) sented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery (AAOS). Donnegan et al. [2] re- Other 52 (44.1) 72 (39.6) ported the 5-year publication rate of scientific abstracts These journals are the most representative sample of journals where abstracts presented at the 2001 AAOS annual meeting. The authors are published. b reported 52% and 47% publication rates for podium pres- Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery started in 2014. entations and poster presentations, respectively. Notably, Kinsella et al. [3] similarly analysed the publication rates followed by the American Journal of Sports Medicine for podium and poster presentations at the American (N ¼ 27, 14.8%) (Table II). Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Meetings from Overall, podium presentations had a significantly higher 2006 to 2010. The authors reported a publication rate of publication rate when compared with poster presentations 73.3% for podium presentations and a 56.9% publication (53.6% versus 40.1%; P< 0.001). rate for posters. The publication rates for international orthopaedic society meetings have also been published. Eck et al. [5] DISCUSSION evaluated the publication rate for abstracts presented at the This study investigated the publication rate of scientific meetings of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee abstracts presented at the annual meeting of the ISHA Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS). The from 2011 to 2014. We found that approximately half of author reported that the overall rate of publication from abstracts presented as podium presentations (53.6%) go the 1997 and 1999 meetings were 34.6% and 39.3%, re- on to publication in a peer-reviewed journal while 40.1% spectively. More recently, Al-Hourani et al. [10] reported of poster presentations progress to publication within a on the publication rate for podium presentations at minimum 3 years of presentation. Podium presentations SICOT (International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and were significantly more likely to be published than poster Traumatology) annual conferences. The authors found presentations. Additionally, the vast majority of scientific that there was a 5-year rate (31.3%) of publication for po- abstracts reach publication within 3 years of presentation dium presentations. International meetings and societies and those reaching publication are most commonly pub- seek to attract a global diversity of scientific input and con- lished in the Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research, ceivably with travel limitations there may a dilution of sci- and secondarily the American Journal of Sports Medicine. As entific impact—with a resultant decrease in the rate of such we accept our study hypotheses. It should be noted scientific abstract publication. The rate of scientific abstract that the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery (JHPS), dedi- publication from ISHA meetings is higher than what has cated to hip preservation, similar to the purpose of ISHA, been reported for other international meetings and is com- did not begin to publish until 2014, the last year of ISHA parable with US and general sports medicine meetings. Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 160  B. U. Nwachukwu et al. There has been a paucity of evidence on the publication publication. Finally, we allowed a minimum 3-year window rate for hip-,focused scientific abstracts. In 2009, Whitehouse for publication; however, prior evidence on academic et al. [9] evaluated the publication rates for hip surgery- orthopedic publishing has demonstrated that it can take related podium presentations presented at the British and up to 5 years for scientific data to reach eventual European Hip Society, British Orthopaedic Association and publication [11]. European Federation of Orthopaedics and Traumatology be- tween 2003 and 2006. The authors found a mean publication CONCLUSIONS rate of 23.4%. As such the authors counseled for cautious in- Approximately half of scientific abstracts presented in terpretation of the findings for hip-related abstracts presented podium format at ISHA meetings (53.6%) go on to publi- at scientific meetings. The findings and conclusions by cation in a peer-reviewed journal while 40.1% of poster Whitehouse et al. underscore the rationale and founding prin- presentations progress to publication. Podium presenta- ciple for the formation of ISHA. Prior to the founding of tions are significantly more likely to be published than ISHA and the widespread acceptance of hip preservation poster presentations. Additionally, the vast majority of techniques, hip-related research was met with a degree scientific abstracts reach publication within 3 years of of skepticism and resistance from within the academic presentation. The identified rate of publication for ISHA orthopaedic community. The countenance of the ortho- scientific abstracts is comparable with other annual sports paedic community toward hip preservation surgery at that medicine meetings and is higher than orthopaedic meet- time likely underscored the low publication rate reported by ings with an international focus. Whitehouse et al. As hip arthroscopy and hip preservation techniques became increasingly established within the ortho- FUNDING paedic community, the founding members of ISHA sought No external funding was used to conduct this study. to encourage the highest level of scientific rigor for hip- related research and to provide a forum wherein these studies CONFLICT OF INTEREST STATEMENT could be presented and discussed. The authors of this study None declared. believe that the high publication rate of scientific poster and podium presentations reported in this study confirms not only the scientific merit of ISHA meetings but also the aca- REFERENCES demic rigor with which abstracts are selected for presentation 1. Bhandari M, Devereaux PJ, Guyatt GH et al. An observational at these meetings. The high publication rate for scientific study of orthopaedic abstracts and subsequent full-text publica- abstracts presented at ISHA is all the more remarkable given tions. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume that during the years under investigation ISHA did not 2002; 84-a: 615–21. have a reciprocal journal relationship whereas other society 2. Donegan DJ, Kim TW, Lee GC. Publication rates of presenta- meetings such as AANA have their corresponding journal tions at an annual meeting of the American Academy of (Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery) and AOSSM Orthopaedic Surgeons. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (American Journal of Sports Medicine). Beginning in 2014, 2010; 468: 1428–35. 3. Kinsella SD, Menge TJ, Anderson AF et al. Publication rates of ISHA developed a reciprocal relationship with the JHPS and podium versus poster presentations at the American Orthopaedic it is possible that scientific abstracts presented in more recent Society for Sports Medicine meetings: 2006-2010. The American meetings will have an even higher rate of publication given a Journal of Sports Medicine May 2015; 43: 1255–9. suitable target journal. 4. Frank RM, Cvetanovich GL, Collins MJ et al. Publication rates of This study has certain limitations that are worth noting. podium versus poster Presentations at the Arthroscopy We limited our search to PubMed and Google Scholar and Association of North America Meetings 2008–2012. Arthroscopy: may have missed publications indexed through other The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International databases. Additionally, because study titles and author Arthroscopy Association Jan 2017; 33: 6–11. ordering may change it is possible that we may have missed 5. Eck JC. Publication rates of abstracts presented at Biennial publications that changed these variables; however, we Meetings of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee attempted to attenuate the risk of this error by recruiting Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. Knee Surgery, Sports a second author to verify studies that were excluded. Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 2005; Comparative analysis between published and unpublished 13: 426–9. abstracts was prohibited by a lack of access to abstract con- 6. Lehman JD, Nwachukwu BU, Ferraro R et al. Publication rates of tent for the majority of studies that did not reach eventual podium presentation abstracts at the Arthroscopy Association of Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018 What is the fate of scientific abstracts?  161 North America Annual meetings 2004–2012. Arthroscopy: The 9. Whitehouse MR, Atwal NS, Blom AW. Publication rates for hip Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: official Publication of the surgery-related abstracts presented at national and international meetings. Orthopedics Jun 2009; 32: 407. Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 2017; 33: 835–39. 10. Al-Hourani K, Al-Aref R, Ley-Greaves R et al. Five-year publica- 7. DeMola PM, Hill DL, Rogers K et al. Publication rate of abstracts tion rate of podium presentations at SICOT Annual Conference: presented at the shoulder and elbow session of the American an observational study and new objective proposal of conference Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery. Clinical Orthopaedics and power. SICOT J 2017; 3: 36. Related Research 2009; 467: 1629–33. 11. Okike K, Kocher MS, Nwachukwu BU et al. The fate of manu- 8. Gavazza JB, Foulkes GD, Meals RA. Publication pattern of papers scripts rejected by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery presented at the American Society for Surgery of the Hand annual (American volume). The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. meeting. The Journal of Hand Surgery Sep 1996; 21: 742–5. American Volume 2012; 94: e130. Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jhps/article-abstract/5/2/157/4931208 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 20 June 2018

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Journal of Hip Preservation SurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Mar 12, 2018

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