Towards a new discipline of Condensed Matter Chemistry

Towards a new discipline of Condensed Matter Chemistry National Science Review 5: 1, 2018 EDITORIAL doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwx155 Advance access publication 26 January 2018 Ruren Xu As of now, over 100 million chemical species, phases, com- rational creation of new matters, particularly matters with spe- pounds and materials have been created, covering virtually all cific functionalities or of special scientific significance; (ii) study elements in the periodic table. They exist in forms of multi- of reactions under extreme conditions in complex systems such level structured condensed matters, ranging from solid-, quasi as life, earth, atmosphere and even cosmos; and (iii) health- solid-, amorphous, mesh (e.g. nano- and clustered) to rubbery, related chemistry issues. To this end, chemists clearly need to melting, liquid and gaseous matters. These matters each have pay increased attention to reactions in the state of condensed their distinct characteristics and functionality, serving as the matters ranging across different states: solid, mesh, melting, liq- main bodies of all chemical reactions. Their chemical prop- uid and gaseous states, and to gain new and fundamental under- erty as well as reaction conditions, processes and products standing about the principles and laws of chemical reactions in a should be totally determined by their compositions and multi- more realistic and possibly more sophisticated paradigm, which level structures. Take the solid-state matter, for example. It is rooted in condensed matters. With this aim, we call upon our is their chemical bonds, crystal structures and different types colleagues in chemical and physical sciences to join forces to es- of defects, band structures, impurities, symbiotic phases, in- tablish a new scientific discipline, termed ‘Condensed Matter terfaces, as well as sizes and distributions of particles that to- Chemistry’, which could include but is not necessarily limited gether determine their fundamental chemical properties and to: reactions. - basic chemical theories of multi-level structured condensed Yet, the current knowledge system about chemistry is pre- matters; dominantly built upon individual molecules, perfect crystals and - fundamental chemical properties and functionalities of con- their relationships. These have been the basis for studies of struc- densed matters; tural properties and functionalities, chemical reactions, synthe- - principles and laws of chemical reactions in the state of con- ses and applications, as well as fundamental laws and theories. densed matters; A scientific paradigm so built is clearly far from being adequate - design, rational organization and modifications of condensed for capturing the essential complexities of the actual chemistry matters; that takes place in the form of condensed matters. Again, take - development of characterization techniques, particularly in reactions between solid-state matters as an example, which gen- situ techniques. erally have different types of defects. When reactions take place Coordinated efforts into the studies of these issues will not between solid matters of specific compositions, reactions involv- only help to establish the new discipline of ‘Condensed Matter ing defects will also take place, thus affecting the overall reac- Chemistry’, but also lead to the advancement of physical science tions and products. Hence, it is essential to study the impacts of and material science. different defects on chemical reactions as well as to derive the general rules of such impacts. Ruren Xu With the rapid advancement in the overall science, chemists Professor, College of Chemistry, Jilin University are facing increasingly more complex challenges, which require E-mail: rrxu@jlu.edu.cn new solutions. For example, these may include (i) design and The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. All rights reserved. For permissions, plea se e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/nsr/article-abstract/5/1/1/4826553 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png National Science Review Oxford University Press

Towards a new discipline of Condensed Matter Chemistry

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Oxford University Press
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© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
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2095-5138
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2053-714X
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10.1093/nsr/nwx155
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Abstract

National Science Review 5: 1, 2018 EDITORIAL doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwx155 Advance access publication 26 January 2018 Ruren Xu As of now, over 100 million chemical species, phases, com- rational creation of new matters, particularly matters with spe- pounds and materials have been created, covering virtually all cific functionalities or of special scientific significance; (ii) study elements in the periodic table. They exist in forms of multi- of reactions under extreme conditions in complex systems such level structured condensed matters, ranging from solid-, quasi as life, earth, atmosphere and even cosmos; and (iii) health- solid-, amorphous, mesh (e.g. nano- and clustered) to rubbery, related chemistry issues. To this end, chemists clearly need to melting, liquid and gaseous matters. These matters each have pay increased attention to reactions in the state of condensed their distinct characteristics and functionality, serving as the matters ranging across different states: solid, mesh, melting, liq- main bodies of all chemical reactions. Their chemical prop- uid and gaseous states, and to gain new and fundamental under- erty as well as reaction conditions, processes and products standing about the principles and laws of chemical reactions in a should be totally determined by their compositions and multi- more realistic and possibly more sophisticated paradigm, which level structures. Take the solid-state matter, for example. It is rooted in condensed matters. With this aim, we call upon our is their chemical bonds, crystal structures and different types colleagues in chemical and physical sciences to join forces to es- of defects, band structures, impurities, symbiotic phases, in- tablish a new scientific discipline, termed ‘Condensed Matter terfaces, as well as sizes and distributions of particles that to- Chemistry’, which could include but is not necessarily limited gether determine their fundamental chemical properties and to: reactions. - basic chemical theories of multi-level structured condensed Yet, the current knowledge system about chemistry is pre- matters; dominantly built upon individual molecules, perfect crystals and - fundamental chemical properties and functionalities of con- their relationships. These have been the basis for studies of struc- densed matters; tural properties and functionalities, chemical reactions, synthe- - principles and laws of chemical reactions in the state of con- ses and applications, as well as fundamental laws and theories. densed matters; A scientific paradigm so built is clearly far from being adequate - design, rational organization and modifications of condensed for capturing the essential complexities of the actual chemistry matters; that takes place in the form of condensed matters. Again, take - development of characterization techniques, particularly in reactions between solid-state matters as an example, which gen- situ techniques. erally have different types of defects. When reactions take place Coordinated efforts into the studies of these issues will not between solid matters of specific compositions, reactions involv- only help to establish the new discipline of ‘Condensed Matter ing defects will also take place, thus affecting the overall reac- Chemistry’, but also lead to the advancement of physical science tions and products. Hence, it is essential to study the impacts of and material science. different defects on chemical reactions as well as to derive the general rules of such impacts. Ruren Xu With the rapid advancement in the overall science, chemists Professor, College of Chemistry, Jilin University are facing increasingly more complex challenges, which require E-mail: rrxu@jlu.edu.cn new solutions. For example, these may include (i) design and The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. All rights reserved. For permissions, plea se e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/nsr/article-abstract/5/1/1/4826553 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018

Journal

National Science ReviewOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2018

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