The use of whole genome sequencing in the investigation of a nosocomial influenza virus outbreak

The use of whole genome sequencing in the investigation of a nosocomial influenza virus outbreak Abstract Traditional epidemiological investigation of nosocomial transmission of influenza involves the identification of patients who have the same influenza virus type and who have overlapped in time and place. This method may miss-identify transmission where it has not occurred or miss transmission when it has. We applied influenza virus whole genome sequencing (WGS) to an outbreak of influenza A in a haematology/oncology ward and identified two separate introductions; one which resulted in 5 additional infections and 79 bed-days lost. Results from WGS are becoming rapidly available and may supplement traditional infection control procedures in the investigation and management of nosocomial outbreaks. Influenza, nosocomial, sequencing, transmission © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Infectious Diseases Oxford University Press

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
ISSN
0022-1899
eISSN
1537-6613
D.O.I.
10.1093/infdis/jiy335
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Traditional epidemiological investigation of nosocomial transmission of influenza involves the identification of patients who have the same influenza virus type and who have overlapped in time and place. This method may miss-identify transmission where it has not occurred or miss transmission when it has. We applied influenza virus whole genome sequencing (WGS) to an outbreak of influenza A in a haematology/oncology ward and identified two separate introductions; one which resulted in 5 additional infections and 79 bed-days lost. Results from WGS are becoming rapidly available and may supplement traditional infection control procedures in the investigation and management of nosocomial outbreaks. Influenza, nosocomial, sequencing, transmission © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Journal

The Journal of Infectious DiseasesOxford University Press

Published: Jun 5, 2018

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