The Petrogenesis of Plagioclase-ultraphyric Basalts from La Réunion Island

The Petrogenesis of Plagioclase-ultraphyric Basalts from La Réunion Island AbstractPlagioclase-bearing ultraphyric basalts, which can have up to 35% accumulative, millimetre-sized plagioclase crystals, were episodically erupted during some stages of building of La Réunion Island volcanoes. Selected rock samples were analysed from the two volcanoes of the island (four samples from Piton des Neiges and two from Piton de la Fournaise). We summarize the results of petrographic and geochemical studies of the whole-rocks and silicate melt inclusions trapped within plagioclase (An84·2–71·7) macrocrysts, which contain aliquots of the parental melts of their hosts. Melt inclusion compositions are used to discuss the origin of La Réunion plagioclase-bearing ultraphyric basalts, with special emphasis on the magma storage system that led to their production. Experimentally re-homogenized melt inclusions were analysed by electron microprobe and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) for their major and trace elements. Together with the textural observations, these results indicate that the host crystals are inherited, although their parental magma compositions are close to that of the host lava. Petrographic lines of evidence suggest that the plagioclase macrocrysts originate from batches of plagioclase-rich mush or fragments of anorthositic gabbro ripped from the magma chamber walls. The parental melts of the plagioclases evolve predominantly by clinopyroxene + plagioclase crystallization. The density contrasts between minerals and liquid allow their efficient segregation. We propose that plagioclases are collected below the magma chamber roof as a flotation cumulate, thereby forming plagioclase-rich mush and anorthositic gabbro, whereas clinopyroxenes sink. The plagioclase-ultraphyric basalts are derived from the remobilization of this mush, or fragments of the anorthositic cumulate, upon the input of a new batch of magma that triggers their eruption. We postulate that the periodic occurrence of these striking basalts during specific periods of the volcano’s growth corresponds to decreases in the magma supply, which promoted plagioclase crystallization and its segregation by flotation. Finally, we suggest that the plagioclase-ultraphyric basalts from the Rivière des Remparts and Rivière de l’Est valleys, previously regarded as components of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano, are instead products of the declining activity of an older volcano, possibly Les Alizés volcano. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Petrology Oxford University Press

The Petrogenesis of Plagioclase-ultraphyric Basalts from La Réunion Island

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ou_press/the-petrogenesis-of-plagioclase-ultraphyric-basalts-from-la-r-union-TMLu1HBN20
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
ISSN
0022-3530
eISSN
1460-2415
D.O.I.
10.1093/petrology/egx030
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractPlagioclase-bearing ultraphyric basalts, which can have up to 35% accumulative, millimetre-sized plagioclase crystals, were episodically erupted during some stages of building of La Réunion Island volcanoes. Selected rock samples were analysed from the two volcanoes of the island (four samples from Piton des Neiges and two from Piton de la Fournaise). We summarize the results of petrographic and geochemical studies of the whole-rocks and silicate melt inclusions trapped within plagioclase (An84·2–71·7) macrocrysts, which contain aliquots of the parental melts of their hosts. Melt inclusion compositions are used to discuss the origin of La Réunion plagioclase-bearing ultraphyric basalts, with special emphasis on the magma storage system that led to their production. Experimentally re-homogenized melt inclusions were analysed by electron microprobe and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) for their major and trace elements. Together with the textural observations, these results indicate that the host crystals are inherited, although their parental magma compositions are close to that of the host lava. Petrographic lines of evidence suggest that the plagioclase macrocrysts originate from batches of plagioclase-rich mush or fragments of anorthositic gabbro ripped from the magma chamber walls. The parental melts of the plagioclases evolve predominantly by clinopyroxene + plagioclase crystallization. The density contrasts between minerals and liquid allow their efficient segregation. We propose that plagioclases are collected below the magma chamber roof as a flotation cumulate, thereby forming plagioclase-rich mush and anorthositic gabbro, whereas clinopyroxenes sink. The plagioclase-ultraphyric basalts are derived from the remobilization of this mush, or fragments of the anorthositic cumulate, upon the input of a new batch of magma that triggers their eruption. We postulate that the periodic occurrence of these striking basalts during specific periods of the volcano’s growth corresponds to decreases in the magma supply, which promoted plagioclase crystallization and its segregation by flotation. Finally, we suggest that the plagioclase-ultraphyric basalts from the Rivière des Remparts and Rivière de l’Est valleys, previously regarded as components of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano, are instead products of the declining activity of an older volcano, possibly Les Alizés volcano.

Journal

Journal of PetrologyOxford University Press

Published: Apr 1, 2017

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off