The Beginnings of Neurosurgery in California during the Pre-Cushing Era: 1850-1900

The Beginnings of Neurosurgery in California during the Pre-Cushing Era: 1850-1900 AbstractTHE END OF the present millennium marks the centennial of Harvey Cushing's European study year, after the completion o f his surgical residency under William Stewart Halsted at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and just before beginning his surgical practice in Baltimore, Maryland. The year 2000 marks the sesquicentennial of California's admission to the Union as the 31st state. This report documents a number of the events and achievements that occurred during this “pre-Cushing era” (1850-1900) that contributed to the ultimate development of neurological surgery in California. The historical milestones of the California gold rush, the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad across the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the careers of early California physicians and educators, including those of Hugh Toland and Levi Cooper Lane, were instrumental in building a foundation for the modern discipline of neurosurgery in the Golden State. This foundation would serve as a cornerstone for surgeons trained by Harvey Cushing (including Howard Naffziger, Carl Rand, and Edward Towne) who would arrive in California early in the 20th century and would define the specialty of neurosurgery. The legacy left by these physicians enhances the celebration of the closure of the millennium. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

The Beginnings of Neurosurgery in California during the Pre-Cushing Era: 1850-1900

The Beginnings of Neurosurgery in California during the Pre-Cushing Era: 1850-1900

L E G A C Y The Beginnings of Neurosurgery in California during the Pre-Cushing Era: 1850-1900 Thomas M. Keller, M.D. P a c if ic N e u r o s c ie n c e s Institute, O r in d a , C a lif o r n ia THE END OF the present m ille n n iu m m arks th e c e n te n n ia l o f H a rv e y C u sh in g's European study year, after the c o m p le tio n o f his su rg ica l residency u n d e r W illia m S te w a rt H alsted at th e Johns H o p k in s H o s p ita l and just before b e g in n in g his su rg ica l p ra c tic e in B a ltim o re , M a ry la n d . The year 2 0 0 0 m arks th e s e s q u ic e n te n n ia l o f California's a dm ission to th e U n io n as the 31st state. This r e p o r t d o c u m e n ts a n u m b e r o f th e events and achievements that o c c u rre d d u rin g th is "p re -C u s h in g e ra " (1 8 5 0 -1 9 0 0 ) th a t c o n tr ib u te d to th e u ltim a te d e v e lo p m e n t o f neurological surgery in C a lifo rn ia . The h is to ric a l m ile ston e s o f the C a lifo rn ia g o ld rush, the c o m p le tio n o f th e Transcontinental R a ilro a d across the Sierra N evada M o u n ta in s , and th e careers o f e a rly C a lifo rn ia p h ysicia n s and educators, including those o f H ugh T o la n d and Levi C o o p e r Lane, w e re in s tru m e n ta l in b u ild in g a fo u n d a tio n fo r th e m odern discipline o f n e u ro s u rg e ry in th e G o ld e n State. This fo u n d a tio n w o u ld serve as a c o rn e rs to n e fo r surgeons tra in e d by Harvey C u sh in g (in c lu d in g H o w a rd N a ffz ig e r, C a rl Rand, and E dw ard T o w n e ) w h o w o u ld a rriv e in C a lifo rn ia early in the 2 0 th c e n tu ry and w o u ld d e fin e the s p e c ia lty o f n e u ro s u rg e ry . The legacy le ft by these p h ysicia ns enhances the c e le b ra tio n o f the c lo s u re o f the m ille n n iu m . (N e u ro su rg e ry 4 3 :1 1 9 4 -1 2 0 1 , 1998) Key words: Harvey Cushing, History of California, History of neurosurgery...
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Publisher
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Copyright
© Published by Oxford University Press.
ISSN
0148-396X
eISSN
1524-4040
D.O.I.
10.1097/00006123-199811000-00099
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractTHE END OF the present millennium marks the centennial of Harvey Cushing's European study year, after the completion o f his surgical residency under William Stewart Halsted at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and just before beginning his surgical practice in Baltimore, Maryland. The year 2000 marks the sesquicentennial of California's admission to the Union as the 31st state. This report documents a number of the events and achievements that occurred during this “pre-Cushing era” (1850-1900) that contributed to the ultimate development of neurological surgery in California. The historical milestones of the California gold rush, the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad across the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the careers of early California physicians and educators, including those of Hugh Toland and Levi Cooper Lane, were instrumental in building a foundation for the modern discipline of neurosurgery in the Golden State. This foundation would serve as a cornerstone for surgeons trained by Harvey Cushing (including Howard Naffziger, Carl Rand, and Edward Towne) who would arrive in California early in the 20th century and would define the specialty of neurosurgery. The legacy left by these physicians enhances the celebration of the closure of the millennium.

Journal

NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Nov 1, 1998

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