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Temporal course of vascular healing and neoatherosclerosis after implantation of durable- or biodegradable-polymer drug-eluting stents

Temporal course of vascular healing and neoatherosclerosis after implantation of durable- or... AimsDelayed healing and endothelial dysfunction may occur with drug-eluting stents (DES), promoting accelerated infiltration of lipids in the neointima and development of neoatherosclerosis (NA). Pathology data suggest durable polymer (DP) of DES to play a major role in this process. Whether biodegradable polymer (BP) may address these issues is uncertain. We compared in vivo vessel healing and NA of current generation BP- or DP-DES using serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessments.Methods and resultsNinety patients with multivessel coronary artery disease were randomized 1:1 to BP everolimus-eluting stents (EES, Synergy) or DP zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES, Resolute Integrity). Co-primary endpoints were the maximum length of uncovered struts at 3 months (powered for non-inferiority) and the percentage of patients presenting with frames of NA at 18 months (powered for superiority) as measured by OCT. The maximum length of uncovered struts at 3 months was 10 ± 8 mm in the BP-EES group and 11 ± 7 mm in the DP-ZES group (mean difference −1 mm; upper 97.5% confidence interval +2 mm; P = 0.05 for non-inferiority; P = 0.45 for superiority). The percentage of patients presenting with frames of NA at 18 months was low and similar between BP-EES and DP-ZES groups (11.6% vs. 15.9%; P = 0.56). There was no stent thrombosis in both groups at 24 months.ConclusionBP-EES and DP-ZES showed a similar healing response at 3 months and a low incidence of NA at 18 months. Biocompatible polymers, regardless of whether they are durable or biodegradable, may favourably impact the long-term vascular response to current-generation DES. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Heart Journal Oxford University Press

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References (32)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author(s) 2018. For permissions, please email: [email protected].
ISSN
0195-668X
eISSN
1522-9645
DOI
10.1093/eurheartj/ehy273
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AimsDelayed healing and endothelial dysfunction may occur with drug-eluting stents (DES), promoting accelerated infiltration of lipids in the neointima and development of neoatherosclerosis (NA). Pathology data suggest durable polymer (DP) of DES to play a major role in this process. Whether biodegradable polymer (BP) may address these issues is uncertain. We compared in vivo vessel healing and NA of current generation BP- or DP-DES using serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessments.Methods and resultsNinety patients with multivessel coronary artery disease were randomized 1:1 to BP everolimus-eluting stents (EES, Synergy) or DP zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES, Resolute Integrity). Co-primary endpoints were the maximum length of uncovered struts at 3 months (powered for non-inferiority) and the percentage of patients presenting with frames of NA at 18 months (powered for superiority) as measured by OCT. The maximum length of uncovered struts at 3 months was 10 ± 8 mm in the BP-EES group and 11 ± 7 mm in the DP-ZES group (mean difference −1 mm; upper 97.5% confidence interval +2 mm; P = 0.05 for non-inferiority; P = 0.45 for superiority). The percentage of patients presenting with frames of NA at 18 months was low and similar between BP-EES and DP-ZES groups (11.6% vs. 15.9%; P = 0.56). There was no stent thrombosis in both groups at 24 months.ConclusionBP-EES and DP-ZES showed a similar healing response at 3 months and a low incidence of NA at 18 months. Biocompatible polymers, regardless of whether they are durable or biodegradable, may favourably impact the long-term vascular response to current-generation DES.

Journal

European Heart JournalOxford University Press

Published: May 19, 2018

Keywords: Drug-eluting stents; Biodegradable polymer; Optical coherence tomography

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