AbstractOBJECTIVE:Midcervical flexion myelopathy is a rare but well-known complication of posterior fossa surgery. To reduce the risk, we routinely used somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring during positioning of the patient.METHODS:Fifty-five consecutive patients were operated on for posterior fossa lesions in the semisitting position via a median (5 patients) or a lateral (50 patients) suboccipital approach. During positioning, monitoring of SSEPs by stimulation of the tibial nerve (T-SSEP) as well as by stimulation of the median nerve (M-SSEP) was established. In the case of pronounced SSEP changes, the head was repositioned. Surgery was started after SSEP recordings were unchanged as compared to the baseline investigation.RESULTS:Effective monitoring was possible in all cases. Whereas M-SSEP recordings showed no changes while placing patients in the sitting position, T-SSEP recordings were altered in 14 cases (25%). In cases using the midline approach, SSEP changes were never so pronounced to require repositioning of the head. Head flexion and rotation resulted in significant changes of T-SSEP recordings in eight patients (14.5%), requiring repositioning. In two cases, an amplitude loss was noted. In only two of these eight patients were M-SSEP recordings markedly changed. SSEP recordings after repositioning disclosed recovery of spinal cord function. In no patient were clinical signs of myelopathy observed postoperatively.CONCLUSION:We observed a high incidence of pronounced changes of T-SSEP recordings when the patient's head was flexed and rotated for lateral suboccipital craniotomy in the semisitting position. Despite the low specificity monitoring of T-SSEPs during positioning of the patient for posterior fossa surgery, the semisitting position is strongly recommended.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Jul 1, 1998
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera