Science: A Global Enterprise

Science: A Global Enterprise Editorial EDITOR IN CHIEF Scott L. Collins SENIOR EDITOR BioScience® James M. Verdier A Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences Editors: Eye on Education: Beth Baker (educationoffice@aibs.org); Feature articles: American Institute of Biological Sciences Beth Baker (features@aibs.org); Washington Watch: Robert E. Gropp (publicpolicy@aibs.org). Editorial Board: James Aronson (Centre d’Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive, CNRS, France, and Missouri Botanical Garden), Reinette Biggs (Stockholm Resil- ience Centre), Rick Bonney (Cornell Laboratory of n his February 2018 BioScience editorial (doi:10.1093/biosci/biy004), Scott Collins Ornithology), Gordon Brown (US Department of the Interior [retired]), Richard M. Burian (Virginia Tech), Idiscussed French President Emmanuel Macron’s Make Our Planet Great Again Catherine E. Carr (University of Maryland), Daniel L. (MOPGA) initiative. In brief, MOPGA is a €30 million commitment designed Childers (Arizona State University), Scott L. Collins (University of New Mexico), Rita R. Colwell (University to entice climate-change researchers from outside of the country to move their of Maryland), Charlene D’Avanzo (Hampshire College), Kathleen Donohue (Harvard University), David L. research programs to France. The effort, announced on the heels of US President Evans (Pennsylvania College of Technology), Cassandra Trump’s pronouncement that he would withdraw the United States from the Paris G. Extavour (Harvard University), Eric A. Fischer (Con- gressional Research Service), Kirk Fitzhugh (LA County Climate Accord, presented an attractive opportunity to US researchers who have Museum of Natural History), Manuela González Suárez (University of Reading), Corinna Gries (University grown weary of political attacks on climate-related science. Importantly, however, of Wisconsin), Arnaud Grüss (University of Miami), the MOPGA announcement is but one initiative that highlights the increasingly Geoffrey M. Henebry (South Dakota State Univer- sity), Jose Herrera (Western New Mexico University), competitive global marketplace for scientific research. Pierre Horwitz (Edith Cowan University), Tony Joern (Kansas State University), Cynthia S. Jones (University In January 2018, the US National Science Board—the body established by of Connecticut), Linda A. Joyce (US Department of Agriculture Forest Service), Edna S. Kaneshiro Congress in 1950 to work with the director of the National Science Foundation (University of Cincinnati), Harvey B. Lillywhite to “recommend and encourage the pursuit of national policies for the promotion (University of Florida), Anja Linstädter (University of Cologne), Alan C. Love (University of Minnesota), of research and education in science and engineering”—released Science Paula Mabee (University of South Dakota), Pim Martens (Maastricht University), Marshall A. Martin and Engineering Indicators 2018 (www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181). A (Purdue University), Nancy E. McIntyre (Texas Tech congressionally mandated report, the Indicators provide data and information University), Stasa Milojević (Indiana University), Anna K. Monfils (Central Michigan University), Janice Moore about the US science and engineering (S&E) enterprise, including its relationship (Colorado State University), Peter B. Moyle (University of California, Davis), Michael Nelson (Oregon State to the international S&E environment. Because the report is policy neutral, it University), Christer Nilsson (Umea University), provides necessary data and context to help inform public-policy decision-making. Karen Oberhauser (University of Minnesota), Shelley M. Payne (University of Texas at Austin), Benjamin As was noted in the opening sentences of the most recent Indicators, “the global A. Pierce (Southwestern University), Jason Podrabsky (Portland State U niversity), Pedro Quintana-Ascencio landscape of S&E research, education, and business activities has undergone (University of Central Florida), Sahotra Sarkar (Univer- dramatic shifts since the turn of the twenty-first century, as regions, countries, and sity of Texas at Austin), Daniel Simberloff (University of Tennessee), Robert J. Steidl (University of Arizona), economies around the globe continue to invest in science and technology (S&T).” Briana Timmerman (University of South Carolina), Martin Tracey (Florida International Uni versity), Which brings us back to MOPGA. Not long ago, a call such as that proffered by Monica Turner (University of Wisconsin–Madison), Macron would have likely captured little attention from US researchers. Macron’s Gordon E. Uno (University of Oklahoma), Lisette Waits (University of Idaho), Randy Wayne (Cornell call, however, received 1822 proposals—two-thirds of which were from the United University), Judith S. Weis (Rutgers University), Allison Whitmer (G eorgetown University), David S. Wilcove States, according to news coverage by National Public Radio. Ultimately, US (Princeton University), Rob Williams (Oceans Initia- researchers received 13 of the 18 funded awards. tive), Jean Wyld (Springfield College), Jake Vander Zanden (University of Wisconsin). Challenges to continued US scientific leadership are not limited to a focused BioScience (ISSN 0006-3568; e-ISSN 1525-3244) is published 12 times a year by Oxford University Press, initiative from France. As outlined in the Indicators report, “S&E capabilities, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513. Production Editor: until recently located mainly in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan, Jill Dwiggins. Periodicals postage paid at Cary, NC, and additional mailing offices. have spread to the developing world, notably to China and other Southeast Asian POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BioScience, Journals Customer Service Department, Oxford University economies that are heavily investing to build their S&T capabilities.” Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513-2009. Globally, these trends are good for science and humanity. The scientific advances Membership and subscription: For a complete listing of subscription rates available, please visit https://aca- that have helped drive significant improvements to human health, well-being, and demic.oup.com/bioscience/subscribe. The current year and two previous years’ issues are available from Oxford prosperity in the United States are spreading throughout the world. This should, University Press. Previous volumes can be obtained however, offer a warning to US policymakers. To assume that the United States is from the Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA. E-mail: psc@periodi- the most desirable place for science may not hold true if current funding trends cals.com. Telephone: 518-537-4700; fax: 518-537-5899. Advertising: Advertising, inserts, and artwork and political attacks on science continue. enquiries should be addressed to Advertising and Special Sales, Oxford Journals, Oxford University The president and Congress must reaffirm our national commitment to scientific Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, research and education. In addition to providing funding for research, the president UK. Telephone: +44-01865-354767; fax: +44-01865- 353774; e-mail: jnlsadvertising@oup.com. For and his deputies must appoint highly qualified individuals to scientific positions information about classified placements and deadlines, contact KERH Group LLC (info@kerhgroup.com). throughout the government and re-engage scientific advisory boards. Moreover, Permissions: For information on how to there must be no place in government for political litmus tests for scientists or request permissions to reproduce articles or information from this journal, please visit campaigns to hinder research that provides inconvenient or unpopular findings. https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/access_ purchase/rights_and_permissions. Instructions for Authors: Full instructions for manu- ROBERT E. GROPP script preparation and submission can be found at: https:// Co-Executive Director academic.oup.com/bioscience/pages/General_Instructions. © 2018 American Institute of Biological Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed by The Sheridan Press. doi:10.1093/biosci/biy022 https://academic.oup.com/bioscience March 2018 / Vol. 68 No. 3 • BioScience 155 Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article-abstract/68/3/155/4906709 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png BioScience Oxford University Press

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Abstract

Editorial EDITOR IN CHIEF Scott L. Collins SENIOR EDITOR BioScience® James M. Verdier A Forum for Integrating the Life Sciences Editors: Eye on Education: Beth Baker (educationoffice@aibs.org); Feature articles: American Institute of Biological Sciences Beth Baker (features@aibs.org); Washington Watch: Robert E. Gropp (publicpolicy@aibs.org). Editorial Board: James Aronson (Centre d’Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive, CNRS, France, and Missouri Botanical Garden), Reinette Biggs (Stockholm Resil- ience Centre), Rick Bonney (Cornell Laboratory of n his February 2018 BioScience editorial (doi:10.1093/biosci/biy004), Scott Collins Ornithology), Gordon Brown (US Department of the Interior [retired]), Richard M. Burian (Virginia Tech), Idiscussed French President Emmanuel Macron’s Make Our Planet Great Again Catherine E. Carr (University of Maryland), Daniel L. (MOPGA) initiative. In brief, MOPGA is a €30 million commitment designed Childers (Arizona State University), Scott L. Collins (University of New Mexico), Rita R. Colwell (University to entice climate-change researchers from outside of the country to move their of Maryland), Charlene D’Avanzo (Hampshire College), Kathleen Donohue (Harvard University), David L. research programs to France. The effort, announced on the heels of US President Evans (Pennsylvania College of Technology), Cassandra Trump’s pronouncement that he would withdraw the United States from the Paris G. Extavour (Harvard University), Eric A. Fischer (Con- gressional Research Service), Kirk Fitzhugh (LA County Climate Accord, presented an attractive opportunity to US researchers who have Museum of Natural History), Manuela González Suárez (University of Reading), Corinna Gries (University grown weary of political attacks on climate-related science. Importantly, however, of Wisconsin), Arnaud Grüss (University of Miami), the MOPGA announcement is but one initiative that highlights the increasingly Geoffrey M. Henebry (South Dakota State Univer- sity), Jose Herrera (Western New Mexico University), competitive global marketplace for scientific research. Pierre Horwitz (Edith Cowan University), Tony Joern (Kansas State University), Cynthia S. Jones (University In January 2018, the US National Science Board—the body established by of Connecticut), Linda A. Joyce (US Department of Agriculture Forest Service), Edna S. Kaneshiro Congress in 1950 to work with the director of the National Science Foundation (University of Cincinnati), Harvey B. Lillywhite to “recommend and encourage the pursuit of national policies for the promotion (University of Florida), Anja Linstädter (University of Cologne), Alan C. Love (University of Minnesota), of research and education in science and engineering”—released Science Paula Mabee (University of South Dakota), Pim Martens (Maastricht University), Marshall A. Martin and Engineering Indicators 2018 (www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181). A (Purdue University), Nancy E. McIntyre (Texas Tech congressionally mandated report, the Indicators provide data and information University), Stasa Milojević (Indiana University), Anna K. Monfils (Central Michigan University), Janice Moore about the US science and engineering (S&E) enterprise, including its relationship (Colorado State University), Peter B. Moyle (University of California, Davis), Michael Nelson (Oregon State to the international S&E environment. Because the report is policy neutral, it University), Christer Nilsson (Umea University), provides necessary data and context to help inform public-policy decision-making. Karen Oberhauser (University of Minnesota), Shelley M. Payne (University of Texas at Austin), Benjamin As was noted in the opening sentences of the most recent Indicators, “the global A. Pierce (Southwestern University), Jason Podrabsky (Portland State U niversity), Pedro Quintana-Ascencio landscape of S&E research, education, and business activities has undergone (University of Central Florida), Sahotra Sarkar (Univer- dramatic shifts since the turn of the twenty-first century, as regions, countries, and sity of Texas at Austin), Daniel Simberloff (University of Tennessee), Robert J. Steidl (University of Arizona), economies around the globe continue to invest in science and technology (S&T).” Briana Timmerman (University of South Carolina), Martin Tracey (Florida International Uni versity), Which brings us back to MOPGA. Not long ago, a call such as that proffered by Monica Turner (University of Wisconsin–Madison), Macron would have likely captured little attention from US researchers. Macron’s Gordon E. Uno (University of Oklahoma), Lisette Waits (University of Idaho), Randy Wayne (Cornell call, however, received 1822 proposals—two-thirds of which were from the United University), Judith S. Weis (Rutgers University), Allison Whitmer (G eorgetown University), David S. Wilcove States, according to news coverage by National Public Radio. Ultimately, US (Princeton University), Rob Williams (Oceans Initia- researchers received 13 of the 18 funded awards. tive), Jean Wyld (Springfield College), Jake Vander Zanden (University of Wisconsin). Challenges to continued US scientific leadership are not limited to a focused BioScience (ISSN 0006-3568; e-ISSN 1525-3244) is published 12 times a year by Oxford University Press, initiative from France. As outlined in the Indicators report, “S&E capabilities, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513. Production Editor: until recently located mainly in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan, Jill Dwiggins. Periodicals postage paid at Cary, NC, and additional mailing offices. have spread to the developing world, notably to China and other Southeast Asian POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BioScience, Journals Customer Service Department, Oxford University economies that are heavily investing to build their S&T capabilities.” Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513-2009. Globally, these trends are good for science and humanity. The scientific advances Membership and subscription: For a complete listing of subscription rates available, please visit https://aca- that have helped drive significant improvements to human health, well-being, and demic.oup.com/bioscience/subscribe. The current year and two previous years’ issues are available from Oxford prosperity in the United States are spreading throughout the world. This should, University Press. Previous volumes can be obtained however, offer a warning to US policymakers. To assume that the United States is from the Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA. E-mail: psc@periodi- the most desirable place for science may not hold true if current funding trends cals.com. Telephone: 518-537-4700; fax: 518-537-5899. Advertising: Advertising, inserts, and artwork and political attacks on science continue. enquiries should be addressed to Advertising and Special Sales, Oxford Journals, Oxford University The president and Congress must reaffirm our national commitment to scientific Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, research and education. In addition to providing funding for research, the president UK. Telephone: +44-01865-354767; fax: +44-01865- 353774; e-mail: jnlsadvertising@oup.com. For and his deputies must appoint highly qualified individuals to scientific positions information about classified placements and deadlines, contact KERH Group LLC (info@kerhgroup.com). throughout the government and re-engage scientific advisory boards. Moreover, Permissions: For information on how to there must be no place in government for political litmus tests for scientists or request permissions to reproduce articles or information from this journal, please visit campaigns to hinder research that provides inconvenient or unpopular findings. https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/access_ purchase/rights_and_permissions. Instructions for Authors: Full instructions for manu- ROBERT E. GROPP script preparation and submission can be found at: https:// Co-Executive Director academic.oup.com/bioscience/pages/General_Instructions. © 2018 American Institute of Biological Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed by The Sheridan Press. doi:10.1093/biosci/biy022 https://academic.oup.com/bioscience March 2018 / Vol. 68 No. 3 • BioScience 155 Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article-abstract/68/3/155/4906709 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018

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BioScienceOxford University Press

Published: Mar 1, 2018

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