Sacral Chordoma: 40-Year Experience at a Major Cancer Center

Sacral Chordoma: 40-Year Experience at a Major Cancer Center AbstractOBJECTIVESacral chordomas are relatively rare, locally invasive, malignant neoplasms. Despite surgical resection, adjuvant radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, recurrence is common. This study reviews our experience during the last 40 years at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, to determine the effects of various treatment methods on the overall course of this disease process.METHODSA retrospective study was performed. From 1954 to 1994, 27 patients with sacral chordomas were evaluated at our institution.RESULTSThere were 19 male and 8 female patients, with a mean age of 56 years (range, 27-80 yr). All except one of the patients presented with pain, and 17 of 27 showed evidence of autonomic dysfunction at initial presentation. Based on microscopic examination of surgical specimen margins, surgical procedures were categorized as either radical resection or subtotal excision. All patients underwent at least one surgical procedure, for a total of 67 procedures (28 radical resections and 39 subtotal excisions). Twelve patients underwent one operation, whereas nine underwent two procedures and six underwent more than two operations (range, 3-16 operations). Radiation therapy was used in conjunction with 13 of the 67 surgical procedures. The median Kaplan-Meier estimate of the overall survival time for the entire group was 7.38 years (range, 4 mo to 34 yr). Tumors recurred after 47 of the 67 procedures. The overall disease-free interval for patients undergoing radical resection was 2.27 years for each procedure, compared with 8 months for each procedure for patients treated with subtotal excision (log-rank test for the inequality between the two curves, 19.58; P < 0.0001). The addition of radiation therapy prolonged the disease-free interval for patients undergoing subtotal resection (2.12 yr versus 8 mo; log-rank test for the inequality between the two curves, 5.82; P < 0.02).CONCLUSIONOur results suggest frequent recurrences in the majority of patients with chordomas. Radical resection is associated with a significantly longer disease-free interval, compared with subtotal removal of the tumor. Addition of radiation after subtotal resection improves the disease-free interval, although radiation therapy can generally be used only once. Based on these findings, we think that, whenever possible, radical resection should be the treatment of choice for sacral chordomas. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

Sacral Chordoma: 40-Year Experience at a Major Cancer Center

Sacral Chordoma: 40-Year Experience at a Major Cancer Center Julie E. York, M .D ., Adriana Kaczaraj, M.S., Dima Abi-Said, Ph.D., Gregory N. Fuller, Ph.D., M .D ., John M. Skibber, M .D ., Nora A. Janjan, M .D ., Ziya L. Gokaslan, M .D. Departments of Neurosurgery (JEY, A K , D A-S, Z L G ), Pathology (C N F ), Surgical O n co lo g y (JMS), and Radiation O n co lo g y (N A )), The U n iv e rsity of Te xas M .D . Anderson C a n ce r Center, Houston, Texas O B JE C T IV E : Sacral chordomas are relatively rare, locally invasive, malignant neoplasms. Despite surgical resection, adjuvant radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, recurrence is common. This study reviews our experience during the last 40 years at The University of Texas M .D . Anderson C a n ce r Center, to determine the effects of various treatment methods on the overall course of this disease process. M E T H O D S : A retrospective study was performed. From 1954 to 1994, 27 patients with sacral chordom as were evaluated at our institution. RESULTS: There were 19 male and 8 female patients, with a mean age of 56 years (range, 2 7 - 8 0 yr). All except one of the patients presented with pain, and 17 of 27 showed evidence of autonom ic dysfunction at initial presentation. Based on m icroscopic examination of surgical specimen margins, surgical procedures w ere cate­ gorized as either radical resection or subtotal excision. All patients underwent at least one surgical procedure, for a total of 67 procedures (28 radical resections and 39 subtotal excisions). Tw elve patients underwent one operation, whereas nine underwent two procedures and six underwent more than two operations (range, 3-16 operations). Radiation therapy was used in conjunction with 13 of the 67 surgical procedures. The median Kaplan-Meier estimate of the overall survival time for the entire group was 7.38 years (range, 4 mo to 34 yr). Tumors recurred after 47 of the 67 procedures. The overall disease-free interval for patients...
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Publisher
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Copyright
© Published by Oxford University Press.
ISSN
0148-396X
eISSN
1524-4040
D.O.I.
10.1097/00006123-199901000-00041
Publisher site
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Abstract

AbstractOBJECTIVESacral chordomas are relatively rare, locally invasive, malignant neoplasms. Despite surgical resection, adjuvant radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, recurrence is common. This study reviews our experience during the last 40 years at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, to determine the effects of various treatment methods on the overall course of this disease process.METHODSA retrospective study was performed. From 1954 to 1994, 27 patients with sacral chordomas were evaluated at our institution.RESULTSThere were 19 male and 8 female patients, with a mean age of 56 years (range, 27-80 yr). All except one of the patients presented with pain, and 17 of 27 showed evidence of autonomic dysfunction at initial presentation. Based on microscopic examination of surgical specimen margins, surgical procedures were categorized as either radical resection or subtotal excision. All patients underwent at least one surgical procedure, for a total of 67 procedures (28 radical resections and 39 subtotal excisions). Twelve patients underwent one operation, whereas nine underwent two procedures and six underwent more than two operations (range, 3-16 operations). Radiation therapy was used in conjunction with 13 of the 67 surgical procedures. The median Kaplan-Meier estimate of the overall survival time for the entire group was 7.38 years (range, 4 mo to 34 yr). Tumors recurred after 47 of the 67 procedures. The overall disease-free interval for patients undergoing radical resection was 2.27 years for each procedure, compared with 8 months for each procedure for patients treated with subtotal excision (log-rank test for the inequality between the two curves, 19.58; P < 0.0001). The addition of radiation therapy prolonged the disease-free interval for patients undergoing subtotal resection (2.12 yr versus 8 mo; log-rank test for the inequality between the two curves, 5.82; P < 0.02).CONCLUSIONOur results suggest frequent recurrences in the majority of patients with chordomas. Radical resection is associated with a significantly longer disease-free interval, compared with subtotal removal of the tumor. Addition of radiation after subtotal resection improves the disease-free interval, although radiation therapy can generally be used only once. Based on these findings, we think that, whenever possible, radical resection should be the treatment of choice for sacral chordomas.

Journal

NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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