Abstract Background The risk and timing of tuberculosis (TB) among recently exposed close contacts of patients with infectious TB is not well established. Methods We prospectively enrolled culture-confirmed pulmonary TB patients ≥15 years of age and their close contacts at nine health departments in the United States and Canada. Close contacts were screened and cross-matched with TB registries to identify those who developed TB. Results TB was diagnosed in 158 (4%) of 4490 contacts to 718 index TB patients. Of those with TB, cumulative totals of 81 (51%), 119 (75%), 128 (81%) and 145 (92%) were diagnosed by 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after index case diagnosis, respectively. TB rates among contacts were 2644, 115, 46, 69, and 25 per 100,000 persons, respectively, in the five consecutive years after index patient diagnosis. Of the TB cases among contacts, 121 (77%) were identified by contact investigation and 37 (23%) by TB registry cross-match. Conclusions Close contacts to infectious TB patients had high rates of TB, with most disease diagnosed before or within 3 months after index patient diagnosis. Contact investigations need to be prompt to detect TB and maximize the opportunity to identify and treat latent infection in order to prevent disease. tuberculosis, contact investigation, close contacts, epidemiology, tuberculosis rates, tuberculosis timing Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases – Oxford University Press
Published: May 15, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera