Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: results from a population-based cross-sectional study as part of the EURO-URHIS 2 project

Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: results from a... Corrigendum 39 ......................................................................................................... The European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, No. 1, 39 The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx217 Advance Access published on 8 December 2017 ......................................................................................................... Corrigendum ......................................................................................................... Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: results from a population-based cross-sectional study as part of the EURO-URHIS 2 project D. Pope, R. Tisdall, J. Middleton, A. Verma, E. van Ameijden, C. Birt, A. Macherianakis, N.G. Bruce. This is a correction notice for article ckv094 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv094), published on 15 July 2015. The authors regret to inform that Alexis Macherianakis was not credited as an author of this article. His name should have been listed after C. Birt and his affiliation should have been given as ‘‘Sandwell Primary Care Trust, Birmingham, UK.’’ The funding statement should also have read as follows: ‘‘This research project was co-funded by EU Commission, under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) as part of the EUROURHIS 2 project (grant agreement no. 223711), Sandwell Primary Care Trust Public Health team and the project beneficiaries.’’ These errors have now been corrected online. ......................................................................................................... The European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, No. 1, 39–43 The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx215 Advance Access published on 16 December 2017 ......................................................................................................... Cost-effectiveness of tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents: a systematic review 1 2 1,3 Teresa Lea˜ o , Anton E. Kunst , Julian Perelman ´ ´ 1 Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal 2 Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands ˜ ´ ´ 3 Centro de Investigac¸ao em Saude Publica, Portugal Correspondence: Teresa Lea˜ o, Escola Nacional Sau´ de Pu´ blica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Av. Padre Cruz, 1600-560 Lisboa, Portugal, Tel: +351217512100, Fax: +351217582754, e-mail: ti.leao@ensp.unl.pt Background: Consistent evidence shows the importance of preventing smoking at young ages, when health behaviours are formed, with long-term consequences on health and survival. Although tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents are widely promoted, the cost-effectiveness of such interventions has not been systematically documented. We performed a systematic review on the cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes preventing tobacco consumption targeting adolescents. Methods: We systematically reviewed literature on the (i) cost and effect- iveness of (ii) prevention policies targeting (iii) smoking by (iv) adolescents. PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CEA- TUFTS, Health Economic Evaluations, Wiley Online Library, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and Google Scholar databases were used, and Google search engine was used for other grey literature review. Results: We obtained 793 full-text papers and 19 grey literature documents, from which 16 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, only one was published in the last 5 years, and 15 were performed in high-income countries. Eight analyzed the cost-effectiveness of school-based programmes, five focused on media campaigns and three on legal bans. Policies and programmes were found to be cost-effective in all studies, and both effective and cost-saving in about half of the studies. Conclusions: Evidence is scarce and relatively obsolete, and rarely focused on the evaluation of legal bans. Moreover, no comparisons have been made between different interventions or across different contexts and implementation levels. However, all studies conclude that smoking prevention policies and programmes amongst adolescents are greatly worth their costs. ......................................................................................................... stated that 12% of 15-year-old adolescents smoke daily in Europe, Introduction Canada and the USA. Because nicotine is one of the most addictive ne in every four Europeans is a daily smoker. Tobacco con- substances, only one in three young smokers will quit smoking and sumption is responsible for about a third of all premature half will die from tobacco-related diseases. This is why preventing deaths in Europe, being the most important risk factor of tobacco consumption in youth has been considered a priority in the 7,8 last decade, and several tobacco control policies and programmes premature mortality and the second most important risk factor 6–12 targeting youths have been suggested. for disease-adjusted life years in Western Europe. Although recommended by international public health insti- Tobacco consumption usually starts during adolescence. 6–11 tutions, relatively little is known about the cost-effectiveness The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children 2013/2014 survey Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-abstract/28/1/39/4710352 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The European Journal of Public Health Oxford University Press

Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: results from a population-based cross-sectional study as part of the EURO-URHIS 2 project

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Oxford University Press
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© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.
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1101-1262
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1464-360X
D.O.I.
10.1093/eurpub/ckx217
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Abstract

Corrigendum 39 ......................................................................................................... The European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, No. 1, 39 The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx217 Advance Access published on 8 December 2017 ......................................................................................................... Corrigendum ......................................................................................................... Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: results from a population-based cross-sectional study as part of the EURO-URHIS 2 project D. Pope, R. Tisdall, J. Middleton, A. Verma, E. van Ameijden, C. Birt, A. Macherianakis, N.G. Bruce. This is a correction notice for article ckv094 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv094), published on 15 July 2015. The authors regret to inform that Alexis Macherianakis was not credited as an author of this article. His name should have been listed after C. Birt and his affiliation should have been given as ‘‘Sandwell Primary Care Trust, Birmingham, UK.’’ The funding statement should also have read as follows: ‘‘This research project was co-funded by EU Commission, under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) as part of the EUROURHIS 2 project (grant agreement no. 223711), Sandwell Primary Care Trust Public Health team and the project beneficiaries.’’ These errors have now been corrected online. ......................................................................................................... The European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, No. 1, 39–43 The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx215 Advance Access published on 16 December 2017 ......................................................................................................... Cost-effectiveness of tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents: a systematic review 1 2 1,3 Teresa Lea˜ o , Anton E. Kunst , Julian Perelman ´ ´ 1 Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal 2 Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands ˜ ´ ´ 3 Centro de Investigac¸ao em Saude Publica, Portugal Correspondence: Teresa Lea˜ o, Escola Nacional Sau´ de Pu´ blica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Av. Padre Cruz, 1600-560 Lisboa, Portugal, Tel: +351217512100, Fax: +351217582754, e-mail: ti.leao@ensp.unl.pt Background: Consistent evidence shows the importance of preventing smoking at young ages, when health behaviours are formed, with long-term consequences on health and survival. Although tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents are widely promoted, the cost-effectiveness of such interventions has not been systematically documented. We performed a systematic review on the cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes preventing tobacco consumption targeting adolescents. Methods: We systematically reviewed literature on the (i) cost and effect- iveness of (ii) prevention policies targeting (iii) smoking by (iv) adolescents. PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CEA- TUFTS, Health Economic Evaluations, Wiley Online Library, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and Google Scholar databases were used, and Google search engine was used for other grey literature review. Results: We obtained 793 full-text papers and 19 grey literature documents, from which 16 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, only one was published in the last 5 years, and 15 were performed in high-income countries. Eight analyzed the cost-effectiveness of school-based programmes, five focused on media campaigns and three on legal bans. Policies and programmes were found to be cost-effective in all studies, and both effective and cost-saving in about half of the studies. Conclusions: Evidence is scarce and relatively obsolete, and rarely focused on the evaluation of legal bans. Moreover, no comparisons have been made between different interventions or across different contexts and implementation levels. However, all studies conclude that smoking prevention policies and programmes amongst adolescents are greatly worth their costs. ......................................................................................................... stated that 12% of 15-year-old adolescents smoke daily in Europe, Introduction Canada and the USA. Because nicotine is one of the most addictive ne in every four Europeans is a daily smoker. Tobacco con- substances, only one in three young smokers will quit smoking and sumption is responsible for about a third of all premature half will die from tobacco-related diseases. This is why preventing deaths in Europe, being the most important risk factor of tobacco consumption in youth has been considered a priority in the 7,8 last decade, and several tobacco control policies and programmes premature mortality and the second most important risk factor 6–12 targeting youths have been suggested. for disease-adjusted life years in Western Europe. Although recommended by international public health insti- Tobacco consumption usually starts during adolescence. 6–11 tutions, relatively little is known about the cost-effectiveness The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children 2013/2014 survey Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-abstract/28/1/39/4710352 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018

Journal

The European Journal of Public HealthOxford University Press

Published: Feb 1, 2018

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