AbstractOBJECTIVE:This investigation was performed to construct a grading system for cranial base meningiomas that augments the current system of topographic labeling. This new system classifies cranial base meningiomas based on predicted surgical resection and patient outcomes.METHODS:Two hundred thirty-two consecutive patients with cranial base meningiomas were surgically treated by the two senior authors between April 1993 and August 1997. Using standard statistical tests, a large number of preoperative, intraoperative, and follow-up findings were analyzed for correlation with the extent of resection. These included the presence of previous radiotherapy, Cranial Nerve III, V, and VI palsies, multiple fossa involvement, and vessel encasement.RESULTS:Analysis revealed that each variable tested was independently and inversely correlated with total tumor resection (P < 0.002). We were able to construct a grading system based on these variables; when more variables are present, the grade is higher. With the grading system, lower-grade tumors were correlated with increased probabilities of total resection (r2 = 0.9947) and better patient outcomes, as measured by Karnofsky performance scale scores (r2 = 0.9291). We also found that, as a group, patients who underwent subtotal resection exhibited worse Karnofsky performance scale scores and had longer hospital stays.CONCLUSION:The current system of classifying cranial base meningiomas provides no information regarding the tumor except location and no information concerning patient prognosis. We present a more useful system to categorize these tumors. Our scheme must be tested at other centers to corroborate our findings. This new grading system should serve to guide surgical treatment, inform patients, and improve communication among surgeons.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Aug 1, 1999
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