AbstractBACKGROUNDDeformity reconstruction surgery has been shown to improve quality of life (QOL) in cases of adult spinal deformity (ASD) but is associated with significant morbidity.OBJECTIVETo create a preoperative predictive nomogram to help risk-stratify patients and determine which would likely benefit from corrective surgery for ASD as measured by patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL).METHODSAll patients aged 25-yr and older with radiographic evidence of ASD and QOL data that underwent thoracolumbar fusion between 2008 and 2014 were identified. Demographic and clinical parameters were obtained. The EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) was used to measure HRQoL preoperatively and at 12-mo postoperative follow-up. Logistic regression of preoperative variables was used to create the prognostic nomogram.RESULTSOur sample included data from 191 patients. Fifty-one percent of patients experienced clinically relevant postoperative improvement in HRQoL. Seven variables were included in the final model: preoperative EQ-5D score, sex, preoperative diagnosis (degenerative, idiopathic, or iatrogenic), previous spinal surgical history, obesity, and a sex-by-obesity interaction term. Preoperative EQ-5D score independently predicted the outcome. Sex interacted with obesity: obese men were at disproportionately higher odds of improving than nonobese men, but obesity did not affect odds of the outcome among women. Model discrimination was good, with an optimism-adjusted c-statistic of 0.739.CONCLUSIONThe predictive nomogram that we developed using these data can improve preoperative risk counseling and patient selection for deformity correction surgery.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Mar 1, 2019
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