AbstractBACKGROUND:A precise and comprehensive knowledge of tumor burden and its extent and growth pattern in the pre- and postsurgical states is required to optimize tumor therapy and to determine treatment success and failure. This prospective study compares the diagnostic potential of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and transcranial sonography (TCS) in the postoperative follow-up of brain tumors.METHOD:Twenty-six patients with high-grade gliomas were included in the study. After tumor debulking, a total of 31 biopsy specimens were obtained from the resection margin in 21 patients and histological findings were compared with the findings of early postoperative TCS, CT, and MRI. Findings indicating residual tumor tissue were nonlinear contrast enhancement at the resection site revealed by CT or MRI or hyperechogenic lesions revealed by TCS. Follow-up examinations using all three imaging techniques were performed every 3 months. The end points of the follow-up were tumor recurrence as defined by CT and MRI, death, or severe clinical deterioration.RESULTS:On the basis of the above criteria, TCS identified residual tumor more often than did CT or MRI. In the group of 19 patients with histologically proven tumor remnants, residual tumor tissue was identified by TCS in all patients, whereas MRI and CT failed to show contrast enhancement in three and eight patients, respectively. However, the results of the TCS were false positive for one patient because of hemorrhage into the resection site. The average time to identification of tumor regrowth was 27 weeks using TCS, 29 weeks using CT, and 33 weeks using MRI. Only the differences between TCS and MRI reached statistical significance. For one patient, multi- centric tumor recurrence was not detected using TCS.CONCLUSION:TCS may complement CT and MRI in the postoperative follow-up of patients with high-grade gliomas. Because none of these modalities alone is both sensitive and specific, an integrated analysis of imaging findings is recommended.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Mar 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera