98 REVIEWS Philippe de Me´zi`eres et l’Europe: nouvelle histoire, nouveaux espaces, nouveaux langages.Edite´ par JOEL BLANCHARD et RENATE BLUMENFELD-KOSINSKI. (Cahiers d’Humanisme et Renaissance, 140.) Gene`ve: Droz, 2017. 328 pp., ill. This collection of sixteen essays results from an international conference, held in Le Mans in 2016, which proposed to use Philippe de Me´zie`res as an entry point into medie- val views on Europe and crusading culture. To this end, conference participants were in- vited to use Me´zie`res’s writings as a springboard to reﬂect on three interlocking questions: Did Europe exist as a concept during the Middle Ages? If so, what did the concept represent? Finally, to what extent was the concept a product of the crusades? The ﬁrst of this volume’s three parts adopts as its subtitle the central question, ‘L’Europe, un concept multiforme?’ The ﬁrst essay, by Klaus Oschema, looks at the presence of the term ‘Europe’ in Me´zie`res compared with other medieval writers. Thereafter, contribu- tors explore Me´zie`res’s depiction of Europe through geographic (Anne-He´le`ne Miller), spatial and temporal (Kiril Petkov), and linguistic categories (Benoˆtı Gre´vin) while Christine Gadrat-Ouerfelli proposes to approach the question by turning to Me´zie`res’s fellow medieval travel-writers. This last essay of the section anticipates an approach to Me´zie`res via contemporary writers that will dominate Part Two, where, once again, a question frames the entries: ‘Aventures europe´ennes?’ Herein, readers are offered alterna- tive views on the concept of Europe provided by Me´zie`res’s contemporaries, whether speaking of visions of Europe linked to Charles IV (Pierre Monnet), Spain (Franc¸ois Foronda), the papacy (Emilie Rosenblieh), the Muslim writer Mubassir Al Fatik (Catherine Gaullier-Bougassas), or Opicino de Canistris (Sylvain Piron). In Part Three, ‘L’Europe ﬁlle de la croisade?’, contributors return to Me´zie`res’s writings to examine his vision of what the crusades were to achieve. Philippe Buc and Camille Rouxpetel, in sepa- rate essays, focus on the Epistre lamentable. Kevin Brownlee, using this last work alongside Epistre au roi Richard, compares Me´zie`res’s view of crusading with that of Jean Froissart. Two additional contributions address Me´zie`res’s currently unedited Oratio tragedica: Antoine Calvet provides an overview of the author’s apology for a new crusade as developed in the prologue to this work, and, thereafter, Calvet and Joe¨l Blanchard provide a transcription and French translation of this prologue that will ﬁgure in their forthcoming edition of this work. In the ﬁnal entry, Yves Coativy speaks of his recent discovery of fragments of a copy of the Songe du viel pelerin. This leads him to a discussion of the treatment of medieval sources following the French Revolution as a means of thinking of the Songe as representative of the role medieval writings have had on deﬁning Europe in modern times. While this collection maintains a keen gaze on Me´zie`res, its real value comes from its efforts to place the author in a larger medieval context. In so doing, far from providing deﬁnitive answers to the questions driving the collection, the contributors have given much material for future research. DEBORAH MCGRADY doi:10.1093/fs/knx282 UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA COLARD MANSION, De la penitance Adam. Texte e´dite´, pre´sente´ et annote´ par SYLVIANE MESSERLI. (Classiques franc¸ais du Moyen Age, 178.) Paris: Honore´ Champion, 2016. 177 pp. Sylviane Messerli’s edition makes available an interesting and hitherto under-studied vernacular translation and compilation of three linked prose narratives tracing the history of Adam and Eve during and after the expulsion from Paradise, and the history of the Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/fs/article-abstract/72/1/98/4782597 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018
French Studies – Oxford University Press
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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