Overarching Immunodominance Patterns and Substantial Diversity in Specificity and Functionality in the Circulating Human Influenza A and B CD4 T Cell Repertoire

Overarching Immunodominance Patterns and Substantial Diversity in Specificity and Functionality... Abstract There is limited information on the antigen specificity and functional potential of the influenza-specific CD4 T cell repertoire in humans. Here, ELISPOT assays were used to examine circulating CD4 T cell influenza specificities directly ex vivo in healthy adults.  Our studies revealed CD4 T cell reactivity to multiple influenza proteins, including hemagglutinins, NA, M1 and NP. Unexpectedly, the immunodominance hierarchies and functional potential of cells reactive toward influenza A were distinct from influenza B. We also identified influenza-specific cells producing granzyme B. Our findings revealed individual and virus-specific patterns that may differentially poise humans to respond to infection or vaccination.  Influenza virus, CD4 T cells, cell mediated immunity, influenza vaccine © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Infectious Diseases Oxford University Press

Overarching Immunodominance Patterns and Substantial Diversity in Specificity and Functionality in the Circulating Human Influenza A and B CD4 T Cell Repertoire

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
ISSN
0022-1899
eISSN
1537-6613
D.O.I.
10.1093/infdis/jiy288
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract There is limited information on the antigen specificity and functional potential of the influenza-specific CD4 T cell repertoire in humans. Here, ELISPOT assays were used to examine circulating CD4 T cell influenza specificities directly ex vivo in healthy adults.  Our studies revealed CD4 T cell reactivity to multiple influenza proteins, including hemagglutinins, NA, M1 and NP. Unexpectedly, the immunodominance hierarchies and functional potential of cells reactive toward influenza A were distinct from influenza B. We also identified influenza-specific cells producing granzyme B. Our findings revealed individual and virus-specific patterns that may differentially poise humans to respond to infection or vaccination.  Influenza virus, CD4 T cells, cell mediated immunity, influenza vaccine © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)

Journal

The Journal of Infectious DiseasesOxford University Press

Published: May 12, 2018

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