AbstractOBJECTIVE:To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), compared with computed tomography (CT), provides consistent and accurate target localization for ventrolateral thalamotomy and posteroventral pallidotomy.METHODS:For 93 procedures (78 pallidotomies and 15 thalamotomies) in 83 patients, coordinates for the anterior commissure, posterior commissure, and stereotactic target were calculated from MRI- and CT-derived images and compared.RESULTS:The mean differences for the target were -0.41 mm on the xaxis (P < 0.001), 0.06 mm on the yaxis (P = 0.412), and -0.34 mm on the z axis (P < 0.01). The mean absolute differences were 0.53 mm on the x axis (median, 0.50 mm; range, 0.00-2.00 mm), 0.46 mm on the yaxis (median, 0.50 mm; range, 0.00-2.00 mm), and 0.78 mm on the zaxis (median, 0.50 mm; range, 0.00-6.00 mm). The mean three-dimensional distance between MRI- and CT-derived coordinates for the anterior commissure was 1.65 mm, with a distance of more than 4 mm in two cases (2%). The mean three-dimensional distance for the posterior commissure was 1.65 mm, with a distance of more than 4 mm in two cases (2%). The mean three-dimensional distance for the target was 1.25 mm (median, 1.14 mm; range, 0.00-6.27 mm), with a distance of more than 4 mm in one case (1%).CONCLUSION:Statistically significant but relatively small differences between MRI- and CT-derived target coordinates were found. In some cases (approximately 2% of this series), the differences between MRI- and CT-derived coordinates may be relatively large (greater than 4 mm and up to 8 mm). However, given the superior anatomic resolution of MRI and the nature of the stereotactic procedures under consideration, we conclude that MRI, when validated within an institution, may be used alone for target localization in pallidotomy and thalamotomy.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Aug 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera