Summary The lateral Moho variations and the geometry of the Main Himalayan Thrust under the Nepal Himalayan orogen are investigated to determine a new crustal model using a large number of high-quality receiver functions recorded by the HIMNT and HiCLIMB portable seismic networks. Our new model shows an evident and complicated lateral Moho depth variation of 8–16 km in the east-west direction, which is related to the surface tectonic features. These results suggest a non-uniformed crustal deformation, resulted from the splitting and/or tearing of the Indian plate during the northward subduction. Our migrated receiver function images illustrate a discernible ramp structure of the Main Himalayan Thrust with an abrupt downward bending close to the hypocenter of the 2015 Gorkha Mw 7.8 earthquake. The distribution of the aftershocks coincides with the present decollement structure. Integrating previous magnetotelluric soundings and tomographic results, our results suggest that the ramp-shaped structure within the Main Himalayan Thrust could enhance stress concentration leading to the nucleation of the large earthquake. Our new crustal model provides new clues to the formation of the Himalayan orogen. Receiver function, Moho variation, Main Himalayan Thrust, Nepal Himalayan Orogen, the 2015 Gorkha earthquake © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)
Geophysical Journal International – Oxford University Press
Published: May 17, 2018
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