Incremental growth of mid- to upper-crustal magma bodies during Arabia-Eurasia convergence and collision: a petrological study of the calc-alkaline to shoshonitic Meghri-Ordubad pluton (Southern Armenia and Nakhitchevan, Lesser Caucasus)

Incremental growth of mid- to upper-crustal magma bodies during Arabia-Eurasia convergence and... Abstract The composite Meghri-Ordubad pluton (MOP) is located in the southernmost Lesser Caucasus and outcrops over ∼1000 km2 in southern Armenia and Nakhitchevan. It is characterized by nested intrusions incrementally emplaced over ∼30 Myr from the Middle Eocene to Early Miocene, coeval with the closure of the Neotethyan Ocean and the regional Arabia-Eurasia continental collision. We recognize three compositionally distinct intrusive series in the MOP: a medium- to high-K calc-alkaline series 1 dominated by gabbro, quartz diorite and tonalite, a shoshonitic to high-K calc-alkaline series 2 including gabbro, monzogabbro, monzodiorite, monzonite and syenite, and a high-K calc-alkaline adakitic series 3 characterized by the emplacement of lamprophyre dikes followed by porphyritic granodioritic intrusions and dikes. Thermobarometry calculations together with detailed petrography, mineral chemistry and experimental mineral stability P-T diagrams indicate a polybaric crystallization history and magma emplacement at mid- to upper crustal levels (0.1-0.3 GPa). Mineral textures and compositions reveal open-system magmatic processes such as mafic magma replenishment and reactivation of crystal mushes prior to transport towards shallower crustal levels in the MOP. The evolution of magma chemistry (calc-alkaline vs shoshonitic) and mineral assemblages (amphibole-bearing vs amphibole-free) indicate fluctuation in primary melt alkali and water contents over time. Such chemical evolution is ascribed to a decrease in the degree of partial melting of a chemically heterogeneous, but isotopically homogeneous, mantle source. Overall, the MOP is characterized by the successive emplacement of hydrous magma batches in the mid- to upper crust and petrological processes that were dominated by fractional crystallization (± crustal assimilation) upon cooling and, or, decompression (± degassing). We propose a new temporal and spatial petrogenetic model for the MOP, encompassing three long-lived, chemically distinct magmatic series incrementally assembled over 30 Myr within a pre-, syn- and post-collisional geodynamic setting. © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Petrology Oxford University Press

Incremental growth of mid- to upper-crustal magma bodies during Arabia-Eurasia convergence and collision: a petrological study of the calc-alkaline to shoshonitic Meghri-Ordubad pluton (Southern Armenia and Nakhitchevan, Lesser Caucasus)

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
ISSN
0022-3530
eISSN
1460-2415
D.O.I.
10.1093/petrology/egy050
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The composite Meghri-Ordubad pluton (MOP) is located in the southernmost Lesser Caucasus and outcrops over ∼1000 km2 in southern Armenia and Nakhitchevan. It is characterized by nested intrusions incrementally emplaced over ∼30 Myr from the Middle Eocene to Early Miocene, coeval with the closure of the Neotethyan Ocean and the regional Arabia-Eurasia continental collision. We recognize three compositionally distinct intrusive series in the MOP: a medium- to high-K calc-alkaline series 1 dominated by gabbro, quartz diorite and tonalite, a shoshonitic to high-K calc-alkaline series 2 including gabbro, monzogabbro, monzodiorite, monzonite and syenite, and a high-K calc-alkaline adakitic series 3 characterized by the emplacement of lamprophyre dikes followed by porphyritic granodioritic intrusions and dikes. Thermobarometry calculations together with detailed petrography, mineral chemistry and experimental mineral stability P-T diagrams indicate a polybaric crystallization history and magma emplacement at mid- to upper crustal levels (0.1-0.3 GPa). Mineral textures and compositions reveal open-system magmatic processes such as mafic magma replenishment and reactivation of crystal mushes prior to transport towards shallower crustal levels in the MOP. The evolution of magma chemistry (calc-alkaline vs shoshonitic) and mineral assemblages (amphibole-bearing vs amphibole-free) indicate fluctuation in primary melt alkali and water contents over time. Such chemical evolution is ascribed to a decrease in the degree of partial melting of a chemically heterogeneous, but isotopically homogeneous, mantle source. Overall, the MOP is characterized by the successive emplacement of hydrous magma batches in the mid- to upper crust and petrological processes that were dominated by fractional crystallization (± crustal assimilation) upon cooling and, or, decompression (± degassing). We propose a new temporal and spatial petrogenetic model for the MOP, encompassing three long-lived, chemically distinct magmatic series incrementally assembled over 30 Myr within a pre-, syn- and post-collisional geodynamic setting. © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)

Journal

Journal of PetrologyOxford University Press

Published: May 25, 2018

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