Impact of Thyroid Hormone Therapy on Atherosclerosis in the Elderly with Subclinical Hypothyroidism: A Randomized Trial

Impact of Thyroid Hormone Therapy on Atherosclerosis in the Elderly with Subclinical... Abstract Context Subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) has been associated with atherosclerosis, but no conclusive clinical trials assessing the levothyroxine impact on carotid atherosclerosis exist. Objective To assess the impact of treatment of SHypo with levothyroxine on carotid atherosclerosis. Design/Setting Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial nested within the TRUST trial. Participants Participants aged ≥65 years with SHypo (thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, 4.60-19.99 mIU/L; free thyroxine level within reference range). Intervention Levothyroxine dose-titrated to achieve TSH normalization, or placebo including mock titrations. Main Outcome Measures Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), maximum plaque thickness measured with ultrasound. Results 185 participants (mean age 74.1 years, 47% women, 96 randomized to levothyroxine) underwent carotid ultrasound. Overall mean TSH±SD was 6.35±1.95 mIU/L at baseline and decreased to 3.55±2.14 mIU/L with levothyroxine, as compared to 5.29±2.21 mIU/L with placebo (p<0.001). After a median treatment of 18.4 months (interquartile range 12.2-30.0 months), mean CIMT was 0.85±0.14 mm under levothyroxine and 0.82±0.13 mm under placebo (between-group difference=0.02 mm, 95% confidence interval (CI)-0.01 to 0.06, p=0.30). Proportion of carotid plaque was similar (n=135, 70.8% under levothyroxine and 75.3% under placebo, p=0.46). Maximum carotid plaque thickness was 2.38±0.92 mm under levothyroxine and 2.37±0.91 mm under placebo (between-group difference -0.03, 95%CI -0.34 to 0.29, p=0.86). There were no significant interactions between levothyroxine treatment and mean CIMT according to sex, baseline TSH (categories 4.6-6.9, 7.0-9.9, and ≥10mmol/L) or established cardiovascular disease (all p for interaction ≥0.14). Conclusion Normalization of TSH with levothyroxine was associated with no difference in CIMT and carotid atherosclerosis in older persons with SHypo. Copyright © 2018 Endocrine Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Oxford University Press

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ou_press/impact-of-thyroid-hormone-therapy-on-atherosclerosis-in-the-elderly-sAoYjAJhgq
Publisher
Endocrine Society
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Endocrine Society
ISSN
0021-972X
eISSN
1945-7197
D.O.I.
10.1210/jc.2018-00279
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Context Subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) has been associated with atherosclerosis, but no conclusive clinical trials assessing the levothyroxine impact on carotid atherosclerosis exist. Objective To assess the impact of treatment of SHypo with levothyroxine on carotid atherosclerosis. Design/Setting Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial nested within the TRUST trial. Participants Participants aged ≥65 years with SHypo (thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, 4.60-19.99 mIU/L; free thyroxine level within reference range). Intervention Levothyroxine dose-titrated to achieve TSH normalization, or placebo including mock titrations. Main Outcome Measures Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), maximum plaque thickness measured with ultrasound. Results 185 participants (mean age 74.1 years, 47% women, 96 randomized to levothyroxine) underwent carotid ultrasound. Overall mean TSH±SD was 6.35±1.95 mIU/L at baseline and decreased to 3.55±2.14 mIU/L with levothyroxine, as compared to 5.29±2.21 mIU/L with placebo (p<0.001). After a median treatment of 18.4 months (interquartile range 12.2-30.0 months), mean CIMT was 0.85±0.14 mm under levothyroxine and 0.82±0.13 mm under placebo (between-group difference=0.02 mm, 95% confidence interval (CI)-0.01 to 0.06, p=0.30). Proportion of carotid plaque was similar (n=135, 70.8% under levothyroxine and 75.3% under placebo, p=0.46). Maximum carotid plaque thickness was 2.38±0.92 mm under levothyroxine and 2.37±0.91 mm under placebo (between-group difference -0.03, 95%CI -0.34 to 0.29, p=0.86). There were no significant interactions between levothyroxine treatment and mean CIMT according to sex, baseline TSH (categories 4.6-6.9, 7.0-9.9, and ≥10mmol/L) or established cardiovascular disease (all p for interaction ≥0.14). Conclusion Normalization of TSH with levothyroxine was associated with no difference in CIMT and carotid atherosclerosis in older persons with SHypo. Copyright © 2018 Endocrine Society

Journal

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and MetabolismOxford University Press

Published: May 28, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off