Harvey Cushing at Johns Hopkins

Harvey Cushing at Johns Hopkins AbstractHARVEY CUSHING BEGAN surgical training with William Halsted at Johns Hopkins in 1896. Cushing joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 1900 and spent 1 year in Europe in the laboratory of Theodore Kocher. He returned to Johns Hopkins, where he founded neurosurgery as an independent specialty, established the concept of the clinician scientist, discovered the hormonal properties of the pituitary gland and founded endocrinology, introduced intraoperative x-rays into surgical practice, introduced blood pressure monitoring into the operating room, and wrote the first definitive text on neurosurgery. Although there have been many pioneers in our field, Cushing, more than anyone else, developed neurosurgery as a specialty and expand the field. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

Harvey Cushing at Johns Hopkins

Harvey Cushing at Johns Hopkins

L E G A C I E S D o n l i n M . L o n g , M . D . , P h . D . Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins M edical Institutions, Baltimore, M aryland HARVEY C U SH IN G BEG A N surgical training with W illiam Halsted at Johns Hopkins in 1896. Cushing joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 1900 and spent 1 year in Europe in the laboratory of Theodore Kocher. He returned to Johns Hopkins, where he founded neurosurgery as an independent specialty, established the concept of the clinician scientist, discovered the hormonal properties of the pituitary gland and founded endocrinology, introduced intra­ operative x-rays into surgical practice, introduced blood pressure monitoring into the operating room, and wrote the first definitive text on neurosurgery. Although there have been many pioneers in our field, Cushing, more than anyone else, developed neurosurgery as a specialty and left a legacy of talented neurosurgeons to develop and expand the field. ( N e u r o s u r g e r y 4 5 : 9 8 3 - 9 8 9 , 1 9 9 9 ) Key words: Clinician scientist, Neurosurgery, Pioneer, Johns Hopkins n the autumn of 1896, H arvey C u sh in g cam e to Baltimore that a major activity for university faculty m em b ers should be from the Harvard Medical School and the M assachusetts research and that a main goal of the university should be the General Hospital, to begin his surgical training with generation of new know ledge. The university opened in 1876, William Stuart Halsted. He had little regard for the Boston to be followed by the Joh n s H opkins Hospital and then a new surgeons of his day. Just b efo re leaving, he w rote in his School of M edicine. The hospital w as envisioned as a place to journal ''not operating m uch, con sid erab le sepsis in the house, provide m edical care for the poorer inhabitants of Baltim ore no wonder; these men operate abou t the w ay a com m ercial and as a place for the faculty of the new m edical school to traveler grabs breakfast at a lunch c o u...
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Publisher
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Copyright
© Published by Oxford University Press.
ISSN
0148-396X
eISSN
1524-4040
D.O.I.
10.1097/00006123-199911000-00005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractHARVEY CUSHING BEGAN surgical training with William Halsted at Johns Hopkins in 1896. Cushing joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 1900 and spent 1 year in Europe in the laboratory of Theodore Kocher. He returned to Johns Hopkins, where he founded neurosurgery as an independent specialty, established the concept of the clinician scientist, discovered the hormonal properties of the pituitary gland and founded endocrinology, introduced intraoperative x-rays into surgical practice, introduced blood pressure monitoring into the operating room, and wrote the first definitive text on neurosurgery. Although there have been many pioneers in our field, Cushing, more than anyone else, developed neurosurgery as a specialty and expand the field.

Journal

NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Nov 1, 1999

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