Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics

Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics Journal of Global Security Studies, 3(1), 2018, 1 doi: 10.1093/jogss/ogx026 Editors’ Introduction Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics This issue launches the third volume of the Journal of Zedong’s attitudes toward the foreign policy usefulness Global Security Studies. It begins with an article by of nuclear weapons. In a nutshell, he claims that nuclear Cullen Hendrix arguing that geopolitics conditioned the proliferation is dangerous when leaders underestimate oil curse. Particularly, he claims that the negative im- the risks of nuclear diplomacy but becomes less so as they pact oil production has on a country’s democratic ten- learn of its dangers. dencies is less a timeless result of market dynamics and Paul Avey, Jonathan Markowitz, and Robert Rear- more a particular consequence of geopolitics in the tran- don examine the political consequences of downsizing sition from the Cold War. His reanalysis of data and case the American military presence in Korea. They use his- examinations of Azerbaijan and Georgia provide com- torical moments when US troops have been pulled away pelling evidence supporting both the magnitude of oil’s from the Korean Peninsula for exogenous reasons as a post–Cold War effect and the logic of his claims. tool for estimating the potential causal impact of with- The next two articles look at the politics of insurgent drawing US troops from bases in South Korea. They find groups. Rebecca Best and Navin Bapat examine the way that US troop withdrawals have little immediate effect that infighting among insurgents can lead to commitment on stability. They do, however, have longer term political problems that frustrate government-insurgent negotia- impacts on arming, proliferation, and diplomacy. tions. Using game theory logic alongside case studies of Our final article by Hin-yan Liu and Christopher the Nigerian government’s negotiations with MEND and Kinsey claims that the international norm against mer- Boko Haram, respectively, they spell out the logic behind cenaries is not as strong as some arguments hold. some rebel intransigence. Looking at the political claims at critical moments Joanne Richards also examines politics among rebels in the norm’s expansion, they demonstrate that ef- but her focus is on how rebels maintain their forces. Using forts to curtail mercenaries generally relied on justifi- original interview data from armed groups in the Demo- cation from other norms—neutrality, self-determination, cratic Republic of Congo, she shows that rebel groups and freedom of movement rather than antimercenarism, organize to prevent and punish desertion in ways similar per se. to states and then demonstrates the structural variables— various avenues to safe haven—that condition the effect of these policies. Deborah Avant Using a social psychological argument, Michael Felix Berenskötter Cohen claims that a particular concern with nuclear Bear Braumoeller politics—nuclear emboldenment—is less common than Erica Chenoweth the literature suggests. He illustrates the plausibility of Stuart Kaufman his claims by examining Nikita Khrushchev’s and Mao Ayse ¸ Zarakol (2018) Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics. Journal of Global Security Studies, doi: 10.1093/jogss/ogx026 © The Author(s) (2018). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Studies Association. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jogss/article-abstract/3/1/1/4798933 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Global Security Studies Oxford University Press

Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics

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Oxford University Press
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© The Author(s) (2018). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Studies Association. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
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2057-3170
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2057-3189
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10.1093/jogss/ogx026
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Abstract

Journal of Global Security Studies, 3(1), 2018, 1 doi: 10.1093/jogss/ogx026 Editors’ Introduction Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics This issue launches the third volume of the Journal of Zedong’s attitudes toward the foreign policy usefulness Global Security Studies. It begins with an article by of nuclear weapons. In a nutshell, he claims that nuclear Cullen Hendrix arguing that geopolitics conditioned the proliferation is dangerous when leaders underestimate oil curse. Particularly, he claims that the negative im- the risks of nuclear diplomacy but becomes less so as they pact oil production has on a country’s democratic ten- learn of its dangers. dencies is less a timeless result of market dynamics and Paul Avey, Jonathan Markowitz, and Robert Rear- more a particular consequence of geopolitics in the tran- don examine the political consequences of downsizing sition from the Cold War. His reanalysis of data and case the American military presence in Korea. They use his- examinations of Azerbaijan and Georgia provide com- torical moments when US troops have been pulled away pelling evidence supporting both the magnitude of oil’s from the Korean Peninsula for exogenous reasons as a post–Cold War effect and the logic of his claims. tool for estimating the potential causal impact of with- The next two articles look at the politics of insurgent drawing US troops from bases in South Korea. They find groups. Rebecca Best and Navin Bapat examine the way that US troop withdrawals have little immediate effect that infighting among insurgents can lead to commitment on stability. They do, however, have longer term political problems that frustrate government-insurgent negotia- impacts on arming, proliferation, and diplomacy. tions. Using game theory logic alongside case studies of Our final article by Hin-yan Liu and Christopher the Nigerian government’s negotiations with MEND and Kinsey claims that the international norm against mer- Boko Haram, respectively, they spell out the logic behind cenaries is not as strong as some arguments hold. some rebel intransigence. Looking at the political claims at critical moments Joanne Richards also examines politics among rebels in the norm’s expansion, they demonstrate that ef- but her focus is on how rebels maintain their forces. Using forts to curtail mercenaries generally relied on justifi- original interview data from armed groups in the Demo- cation from other norms—neutrality, self-determination, cratic Republic of Congo, she shows that rebel groups and freedom of movement rather than antimercenarism, organize to prevent and punish desertion in ways similar per se. to states and then demonstrates the structural variables— various avenues to safe haven—that condition the effect of these policies. Deborah Avant Using a social psychological argument, Michael Felix Berenskötter Cohen claims that a particular concern with nuclear Bear Braumoeller politics—nuclear emboldenment—is less common than Erica Chenoweth the literature suggests. He illustrates the plausibility of Stuart Kaufman his claims by examining Nikita Khrushchev’s and Mao Ayse ¸ Zarakol (2018) Geopolitics and Oil, Insurgent Politics, Nuclear Politics, Basing Politics, and Norm Politics. Journal of Global Security Studies, doi: 10.1093/jogss/ogx026 © The Author(s) (2018). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Studies Association. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jogss/article-abstract/3/1/1/4798933 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 16 March 2018

Journal

Journal of Global Security StudiesOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2018

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