Factors Associated with Hydrocephalus after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Factors Associated with Hydrocephalus after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage AbstractOBJECTIVE:Associations among various factors and the occurrence of hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were evaluated retrospectively in 897 patients enrolled in the North American study of tirilazad mesylateMETHODS:Patients were assessed for hydrocephalus in a blinded fashion. Assessment of hydrocephalus was made on the basis of 3-month follow-up computed tomographic studies or, for those without a 3-month follow-up scan, on the basis of the latest computed tomographic studies obtained at least 10 days after SAH. Criteria indicating the occurrence of hydrocephalus were the presence of significantly enlarged temporal horns or prior placement of a ventricular shunt. Univariate analysis was performed to assess relationships among various factors and hydrocephalus. Factors statistically associated with the occurrence of hydrocephalus were analyzed further using logistic regression analysis.RESULTS:Overall, 25.9% of the 897 patients developed hydrocephalus. Statistically significant associations among the following factors and hydrocephalus were observed (P value; risk coefficient): 1) severity of 3-month post-SAH Glasgow Outcome Scale (0.0001; 2.00); 2) increased ventricular size at admission (0.0001; 2.78); 3) neurological grade severity at admission (0.0274; 1.26); 4) preexisting hypertension (0.0284; 1.66); 5) alcoholism (0.0066; 2.30); 6) female sex (0.0056; 0.49); 7) increased aneurysm size (0.0239; 0.56); 8) pneumonia (0.0299; 1.78); 9) meningitis (0.0290; 5.86); and 10) intraventricular hemorrhage at admission (0.0414; 1.64).CONCLUSION:Hydrocephalus seems to have a multifactorial etiology. Knowledge of risk factors related to the occurrence of hydrocephalus may help guide neurosurgeons in the long-term care of patients who have experienced aneurysmal SAH. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

Factors Associated with Hydrocephalus after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Factors Associated with Hydrocephalus after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Factors Associated with Hydrocephalus after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Jason P. Sheehan, M.D., Ph.D., Richard S. Polin, M.D., Jonas M. Sheehan, M.D., Mustafa K. Baskaya, M.D., Neal F. Kassell, M.D., and Participants D e p a r t m e n t o f N e u r o l o g i c a l S u r g e r y (JPS, )MS, NFK), U n i v e r s i t y o f V i r g i n i a , C h a r l o t t e s v i l l e , V i r g i n i a , a n d L o u i s i a n a S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y M e d i c a l C e n t e r (RSP, MKB), S h r e v e p o r t , L o u i s i a n a O BJEC T IV E: Associations among various factors and the occurrence of hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarach­ noid hemorrhage (SAH ) were evaluated retrospectively in 897 patients enrolled in the North American study of tirilazad mesylate. M ETHO D S: Patients were assessed for hydrocephalus in a blinded fashion. Assessment of hydrocephalus was made on the basis of 3-month follow-up computed tomographic studies or, for those without a 3-month follow-up scan, on the basis of the latest computed tomographic studies obtained at least 10 days after SAH. Criteria indicating the occurrence of hydrocephalus were the presence of significantly enlarged temporal horns or prior placement of a ventricular shunt. Univariate analysis was performed to assess relationships among various factors and hydrocephalus. Factors statisti­ cally associated with the occurrence of hydrocephalus were analyzed further using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: O verall, 2 5 .9 % of the 897 patients developed hydrocephalus. Statistically significant associations among the following factors and hydrocephalus were observed (P value; risk coefficient): 1) severity of 3-month post-SAH Glasgow Outcom e Scale (0.0001; 2.00); 2) increased ventricular size at admission (0.0001; 2.78); 3) neurological grade severity at admission (0.0274; 1.26); 4) preexisting hypertension (0.0284; 1.66); 5) alcoholism (0.0066; 2.30); 6) female sex (0.0056; 0.49); 7) increased aneurysm...
Loading next page...
 
/lp/ou_press/factors-associated-with-hydrocephalus-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-FVpLpq0mdl
Publisher
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Copyright
© Published by Oxford University Press.
ISSN
0148-396X
eISSN
1524-4040
D.O.I.
10.1097/00006123-199911000-00021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractOBJECTIVE:Associations among various factors and the occurrence of hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were evaluated retrospectively in 897 patients enrolled in the North American study of tirilazad mesylateMETHODS:Patients were assessed for hydrocephalus in a blinded fashion. Assessment of hydrocephalus was made on the basis of 3-month follow-up computed tomographic studies or, for those without a 3-month follow-up scan, on the basis of the latest computed tomographic studies obtained at least 10 days after SAH. Criteria indicating the occurrence of hydrocephalus were the presence of significantly enlarged temporal horns or prior placement of a ventricular shunt. Univariate analysis was performed to assess relationships among various factors and hydrocephalus. Factors statistically associated with the occurrence of hydrocephalus were analyzed further using logistic regression analysis.RESULTS:Overall, 25.9% of the 897 patients developed hydrocephalus. Statistically significant associations among the following factors and hydrocephalus were observed (P value; risk coefficient): 1) severity of 3-month post-SAH Glasgow Outcome Scale (0.0001; 2.00); 2) increased ventricular size at admission (0.0001; 2.78); 3) neurological grade severity at admission (0.0274; 1.26); 4) preexisting hypertension (0.0284; 1.66); 5) alcoholism (0.0066; 2.30); 6) female sex (0.0056; 0.49); 7) increased aneurysm size (0.0239; 0.56); 8) pneumonia (0.0299; 1.78); 9) meningitis (0.0290; 5.86); and 10) intraventricular hemorrhage at admission (0.0414; 1.64).CONCLUSION:Hydrocephalus seems to have a multifactorial etiology. Knowledge of risk factors related to the occurrence of hydrocephalus may help guide neurosurgeons in the long-term care of patients who have experienced aneurysmal SAH.

Journal

NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Nov 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial