AbstractOBJECTIVE:Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) may play an important role in the regulation of tumor blood flow and vascular permeability. However, there have been no reports describing alterations of eNOS expression in relation to malignant progression in human astrocytic tumors. We immunohistochemically studied the relationship between eNOS expression in tumor vasculature and malignancy in supratentorial astrocytic tumorsMETHODS:Tissue samples were obtained from 12 patients with low-grade astrocytomas, 10 with anaplastic astrocytomas, and 17 with glioblastomas. Normal brain tissue samples were obtained from four patients with other brain diseases. Immunohistochemical staining was performed using the avidin-biotin complex method, with polyclonal anti-eNOS antibody, and the levels of eNOS expression in endothelial cells were evaluated as slight, moderate, or intense on the basis of eNOS immunoreactivity. The proliferative potential was assessed as the MIB-1 staining index for tumor cells.RESULTS:The expression of eNOS was slight in all specimens of normal brain tissue, slight in 7 and moderate in 5 specimens of low-grade astrocytoma, slight in 2, moderate in 6, and intense in 2 specimens of anaplastic astrocytoma, and moderate in 5 and intense in 12 specimens of glioblastoma. The MIB-1 staining index (mean ± standard deviation) was 0.2 ± 0.2% for normal specimens, 1.8 ± 0.6% for low-grade astrocytomas, 9.6 ± 6.9% for anaplastic astrocytomas, and 18.5 ± 7.7% for glioblastomas. The MIB-1 staining indices for slight, moderate, and intense eNOS expression were 2.0 ± 2.3%, 10.8 ± 9.8%, and 16.9 ± 7.7%, respectivelyCONCLUSION:Expression of eNOS in tumor vessels was significantly correlated with histological grade and proliferative potential. These findings suggest that astrocytic tumor vessels possess higher activity for nitric oxide production than do normal vessels.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Jul 1, 1999
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