Abstract Background We aimed to assess whether sexual exposure may explain all incident anal HPV detections among men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods A longitudinal study among MSM was conducted between 2010 and 2013 with six-monthly visits and up to 24 months of follow-up. Risk-factor questionnaires, blood samples, and anal and penile self-swabs were collected at each visit. Self-swabs were used for detection and genotyping of HPV by SPF10-PCR/DEIA/LiPA25 system. Serum samples were tested for high-risk (hr)HPV antibodies. Incident anal HPV detection rates among sexually non-, low and highly exposed MSM were compared. Factors associated with incident anal hrHPV detection were assessed using multivariable Cox regression. Results 714 men (median age 40 years; 39% HIV positive) were included in the analysis. Incident anal detections of all hrHPV-types were observed among both sexually non-exposed and exposed MSM. In multivariable analyses, highly sexually exposed, being HIV-infected and having a penile HPV infection were positively associated with incident anal HPV detection; those reporting more sex partners had a non-significantly increased risk of HPV detection. Conclusion Incident anal hrHPV detection is common among recently non-exposed MSM, suggesting that a reactivated latent HPV infection instead of an incident infection may underlie incident HPV detection. HPV, HIV, incidence rate, men who have sex with men, anus, latency © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)
The Journal of Infectious Diseases – Oxford University Press
Published: May 16, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera