Corrigendum to: “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Expectations Regarding Aging Among Older Adults”

Corrigendum to: “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Expectations Regarding Aging Among Older Adults” In “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Expectations Regarding Aging Among Older Adults,” DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnx078, Table 1 included errors to the rates of possible depression and functional limitation. In addition, the different racial/ethnic groups do not significantly differ in their levels of functional impairment. The corrected table is below. Table 1. Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants (N = 229) Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Notes. Test of significance for difference between racial/ethnic groups was derived using a chi-square test for categorical variables and analysis of variance for the continuous variables. ADLs = activities of daily living, SD = standard deviation. Acculturation measures were not administered to African American participants. aItem missing for one participant. bItem missing for six (3%) participants. cItem missing for 15 (8%) participants. View Large Table 1. Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants (N = 229) Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Notes. Test of significance for difference between racial/ethnic groups was derived using a chi-square test for categorical variables and analysis of variance for the continuous variables. ADLs = activities of daily living, SD = standard deviation. Acculturation measures were not administered to African American participants. aItem missing for one participant. bItem missing for six (3%) participants. cItem missing for 15 (8%) participants. View Large Under “Acculturation”, in the third line of the first paragraph, SE equals 1.35. Under Mental-Health-Related Outcomes, in the third paragraph, F(13, 214) = 4.53, p < .001. The original article has now been corrected. © The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Gerontologist Oxford University Press

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© The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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Abstract

In “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Expectations Regarding Aging Among Older Adults,” DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnx078, Table 1 included errors to the rates of possible depression and functional limitation. In addition, the different racial/ethnic groups do not significantly differ in their levels of functional impairment. The corrected table is below. Table 1. Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants (N = 229) Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Notes. Test of significance for difference between racial/ethnic groups was derived using a chi-square test for categorical variables and analysis of variance for the continuous variables. ADLs = activities of daily living, SD = standard deviation. Acculturation measures were not administered to African American participants. aItem missing for one participant. bItem missing for six (3%) participants. cItem missing for 15 (8%) participants. View Large Table 1. Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants (N = 229) Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Racial/Ethnic Background Characteristic Overall (N = 229) African American (n = 52) Latino (n = 63) Korean (n = 60) Chinese (n = 54) p value Age, mean ± SD (range) 73.9 ± 6.6 (60–96) 73.0 ± 7.2 (61–87) 72.4 ± 5.8 (62–87) 76.2 ± 6.7 (60–96) 74.2 ± 6.5 (63–86) .011 Female, n (%) 157 (69%) 39 (75%) 49 (78%) 36 (60%) 33 (61%) .075 Physical-health-related quality of life, mean ± SD 42.3 ± 10.0 43.1 ± 9.7 43.2 ± 10.1 42.1 ± 9.9 40.5 ± 10.3 .465 Mental-health related quality of life, mean ± SD 50.5 ± 9.9 53.4 ± 10.6 50.5 ± 10.8 48.5 ± 8.6 49.9 ± 8.9 .070 Unable to perform ≥ 2 ADLs, n (%) 40 (17%) 11 (21%) 11 (17%) 6 (10%) 12 (22%) .301 Number of comorbidities, mean ± SD 2.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 2.1 1.4 ± 2.4 1.5 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 2.4 .004 Possible depression (PHQ9 score ≥ 10), n (%) 37 (16%) 7 (13%) 13 (21%) 10 (17%) 7 (13%) .653 Perceived supporta, mean ± SD 2.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.7 <.001 Highest grade of formal education completed, n (%)  ≤8 61 (27%) 1 (2%) 32 (51%) 9 (15%) 19 (35%) <.001  9–12 81 (35%) 19 (37%) 20 (32%) 29 (48%) 13 (24%) .050 Some college 87 (38%) 32 (62%) 11 (17%) 22 (37%) 22 (41%) <.001 Years living in the United Statesb, mean ± SD N/A 37.1 ± 11.6 27.8 ± 11.2 23.1 ± 11.0 <.001 Maintenance of heritage culturec, mean ± SD N/A 7.5 ± 1.2 7.0 ± 1.0 6.8 ± 0.8 .002 Acculturation towards mainstream culturec, mean ± SD N/A 6.7 ± 1.6 5.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.3 <.001 Overall expectations regarding aging scale, mean ± SD 30.5 ± 21.6 48.3 ± 19.6 36.7 ± 21.2 22.8 ± 15.0 14.8 ± 13.6 <.001  Physical health subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 43.1 ± 22.6 35.5 ± 21.7 19.4 ± 17.7 11.3 ± 15.5 <.001  Mental health subscale, mean ± SD 37.0 ± 28.4 60.6 ± 27.1 41.8 ± 27.7 27.8 ± 19.9 19.0 ± 20.4 <.001  Cognitive function subscale, mean ± SD 27.3 ± 23.1 41.3 ± 22.8 32.8 ± 23.1 21.1 ± 17.1 14.0 ± 19.7 <.001 Notes. Test of significance for difference between racial/ethnic groups was derived using a chi-square test for categorical variables and analysis of variance for the continuous variables. ADLs = activities of daily living, SD = standard deviation. Acculturation measures were not administered to African American participants. aItem missing for one participant. bItem missing for six (3%) participants. cItem missing for 15 (8%) participants. View Large Under “Acculturation”, in the third line of the first paragraph, SE equals 1.35. Under Mental-Health-Related Outcomes, in the third paragraph, F(13, 214) = 4.53, p < .001. The original article has now been corrected. © The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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The GerontologistOxford University Press

Published: Jan 31, 2018

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