Correction and Prevention of the Pixie Ear Deformity: A Combined Technique

Correction and Prevention of the Pixie Ear Deformity: A Combined Technique Abstract Background Ear and earlobe deformities after surgical rhytidectomy are common and can significantly diminish the aesthetic outcome. The main causes of ear/earlobe distortion are skin over-resection, an imbalance between vertical/horizontal skin-lift vectors, and tractional distortions through superficial muscularaponeurotic system (SMAS) tension. Objective To demonstrate a new method for earlobe suturing and ear fixation that would prevent aesthetics-related complications after facelift surgery. Methods A total of 105 primary SMAS facelift surgeries were performed between 2015 and 2016 by the first author. A combination technique consisting of a posterior earlobe rotation flap (PERF) and a concha-mastoid suspension suture (CMSS) was executed bilaterally within each facelift procedure (n=210). A retrospective data analysis was conducted (preoperatively and one year postoperatively) using our hospital information system and a photometric data analysis to assess auricular displacement, earlobe distortion, and hypertrophic scarring. Results Pseudoptosis of the earlobe was noted in two cases, and auricular displacement was observed in four cases. Bilateral mild hypertrophic scarring was seen in one patient. The postoperative photometric analysis showed a natural ptosis grade I/II in all the patients, with a statistically significantly reduced postoperative earlobe size (p<0.05). The total rate of aesthetics-related complications was 4% in our cohort (earlobe distortion with pseudoptosis: 1%; auricular displacement: 2%; hypertrophic scarring: 1%). Conclusions Our modification of the facial flap anchoring at the ear base in combination with a CMSS stabilizes the natural position of the ear and prevents distortion while allowing better control over the earlobe’s aesthetic shaping. This novel method reduces the incidence of ear/earlobe deformities and hypertrophic scarring at the ear base after rhytidectomy and, therefore, promises to be a valuable advancement. © 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aesthetic Surgery Journal Oxford University Press

Correction and Prevention of the Pixie Ear Deformity: A Combined Technique

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Publisher
Mosby Inc.
Copyright
© 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com
ISSN
1090-820X
eISSN
1527-330X
D.O.I.
10.1093/asj/sjy095
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Background Ear and earlobe deformities after surgical rhytidectomy are common and can significantly diminish the aesthetic outcome. The main causes of ear/earlobe distortion are skin over-resection, an imbalance between vertical/horizontal skin-lift vectors, and tractional distortions through superficial muscularaponeurotic system (SMAS) tension. Objective To demonstrate a new method for earlobe suturing and ear fixation that would prevent aesthetics-related complications after facelift surgery. Methods A total of 105 primary SMAS facelift surgeries were performed between 2015 and 2016 by the first author. A combination technique consisting of a posterior earlobe rotation flap (PERF) and a concha-mastoid suspension suture (CMSS) was executed bilaterally within each facelift procedure (n=210). A retrospective data analysis was conducted (preoperatively and one year postoperatively) using our hospital information system and a photometric data analysis to assess auricular displacement, earlobe distortion, and hypertrophic scarring. Results Pseudoptosis of the earlobe was noted in two cases, and auricular displacement was observed in four cases. Bilateral mild hypertrophic scarring was seen in one patient. The postoperative photometric analysis showed a natural ptosis grade I/II in all the patients, with a statistically significantly reduced postoperative earlobe size (p<0.05). The total rate of aesthetics-related complications was 4% in our cohort (earlobe distortion with pseudoptosis: 1%; auricular displacement: 2%; hypertrophic scarring: 1%). Conclusions Our modification of the facial flap anchoring at the ear base in combination with a CMSS stabilizes the natural position of the ear and prevents distortion while allowing better control over the earlobe’s aesthetic shaping. This novel method reduces the incidence of ear/earlobe deformities and hypertrophic scarring at the ear base after rhytidectomy and, therefore, promises to be a valuable advancement. © 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)

Journal

Aesthetic Surgery JournalOxford University Press

Published: Apr 9, 2018

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