AbstractOBJECTIVE:A series of 22 patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were surgically treated using computer-assisted image guidance. The value of image guidance for nidus definition and detection of feeding arteries and draining veins was assessedMETHODS:Seven of the 22 patients presented with hemorrhage. The sizes of the AVMs ranged from 1 to 8 cm. Six patients underwent preoperative embolization. For 18 patients (81.8%), the AVMs were located in highly eloquent areas. A passive-marker-based neuronavigation system (BrainLab, Heimstetten, Germany) was used for intraoperative image guidance. Segmentation of the pathological vessels was performed preoperatively, on the basis of 2-mm helical computed tomographic angiographic slices, to obtain three-dimensional reconstructions of the AVMs. Temporary clips were initially placed on all identifiable feeding arteries, for intranidal pressure reduction before AVM dissection. Dissection of the AVMs was then performed along the main draining veins, as identified by neuronavigation. Patient follow-up monitoring ranged from 3 to 16 months (median, 7 mo).RESULTS:The computer-calculated registration accuracy ranged between 1.1 and 3.1 mm (median, 1.4 mm). Exact nidus definition was possible for all 22 patients. The principal draining veins were also identified for all patients. Feeding arteries could be detected after the segmentation process when the vessels were at least 3 mm in diameter (19 patients). Complete collapse of the AVMs was achieved with initial clip application for 3 patients; partial intranidal pressure reduction was observed for 12 patients. No significant decompression by feeder clipping was possible for pre-embolized AVMs. Perioperative mortality and morbidity rates were 0 and 14%, respectivelyCONCLUSION:This image-guided technology allows observation of the relationship between AVMs and adjacent brain structures, increasing spatial orientation during surgery. Definition of an optimal surgical approach and early localization of feeding arteries for temporary occlusion minimize tissue manipulation and enhance the safety of direct dissection along the draining veins, which is necessary in eloquent areas.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Nov 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera