Summary Relative permeability curves and flow mechanisms of CO2 and brine in Berea sandstone were investigated during a two-phase flow imbibition process, where CO2 saturation in the rock decreased from 55 per cent to 9 per cent by stepwise decrease of CO2/brine injection ratios. Total fluid flow velocity was 4.25 × 10−6 m/s, corresponding to the capillary number of order ∼10−8 for CO2 flow. The relative permeability curves showed a slight hysteresis compared to those during the drainage process. Local CO2 saturation and the differential pressure showed temporal fluctuations when the average differential pressure showed constant values or very small trends. The fluctuations in local CO2 saturation correlate with local porosity distributions. The differential pressure between the inlet and outlet ends showed the largest fluctuation when the CO2/brine ratio equals to one. A final brine-only injection resulted in more CO2 trapped within low porosity zones. These results suggest important roles of ganglion dynamics in the low flow rate ranges, where fluid pathways undergo repetitive brine snap-off and coalescence of CO2 ganglia that causes morphological changes in distributions of CO2 pathways. Permeability and porosity, Image processing, Hydrogeophysics © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)
Geophysical Journal International – Oxford University Press
Published: May 25, 2018
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