AbstractOBJECTIVE:Intracerebral microdialysis has been demonstrated to be a useful method for detection of brain ischemia in experimental models and in patients. We have applied new mobile microdialysate analysis equipment thal allows a bedside comparison of changes in neurochemistry with the neurological status of the patient. Ten patients with severe aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (that is, with a high risk of vasospasm and a high risk of subsequent ischemic deficits) were selectedMETHODS:Microdialysis catheters were inserted into the temporal and subfrontal cortex at the end of aneurysm surgery. Samples, collected hourly for 4 to 11 days, were analyzed immediately at the bedside for glucose, lactate, and glycerol and later for pyruvate and glutamate. The patients' neurological status was monitored constantly, and daily recordings of blood flow velocities were performed using transcranial Doppler sonographyRESULTS:Concentrations of the measured substances varied widely. Individual analyses revealed that patients with uneventful clinical courses generally demonstrated low and stable levels of the different metabolites, and those with signs of cerebral ischemia demonstrated various patterns of neurochemical changes. Lactate and glutamate seemed to be sensitive markers of impending ischemia, and increased glycerol levels were associated with severe ischemic deficits. Obtaining the microdialysis data directly at the bedside seemed to be of great advantage when relating the values to other clinical findingsCONCLUSION:Bedside intracerebral microdialysis monitoring of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and signs of delayed ischemia revealed dramatic changes in extracellular concentrations of glucose, lactate, and glycerol that could be directly correlated to the clinical status of the patients. These findings emphasize the potentials microdialysis in neurosurgical intensive care patients.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Nov 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera