Balloon-assisted Guglielmi Detachable Coiling of Wide-necked Aneurysms: Part I-Experimental Evaluation

Balloon-assisted Guglielmi Detachable Coiling of Wide-necked Aneurysms: Part I-Experimental... AbstractOBJECTIVE:Balloon-assisted technique is a promising technical adjunct to use of Guglielmi detachable coils for embolization of wide-necked aneurysms. In this study using experimental aneurysms in swine, the safety and long-term efficacy of this technique were evaluated.METHODS:Sixteen wide-necked aneurysms (sidewall model) were surgically created in common carotid arteries of swine. In the acute study of eight aneurysms, intra-aneurysmal pressure changes were recorded during balloon inflation in different positions of the balloon relative to the neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, eight aneurysms were treated with this technique, and follow-up angiography was performed 14 days postembolization. The animals were then killed for macroscopic evaluation.RESULTS:In the acute study, the systolic intra-aneurysmal blood pressure increased with balloon inflation at the distal portion of the neck and with balloon inflation/occlusion across the entire neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, seven of eight cases were embolized with satisfactory occlusion, and six showed no coil displacement on the follow-up angiogram. In five cases, macroscopic evaluation of the aneurysm showed that the coils were compacted at the neck of the aneurysm with a concave shape consistent with the shape of the inflated balloon across its neck.CONCLUSION:This preliminary study indicates that balloon-assisted Guglielmi detachable coiling technology may produce a temporary increase of pressure within the aneurysm while occluding the aneurysmal neck during coil delivery. This sudden change of intra-aneurysmal pressure may potentially be the cause of aneurysm rupture in the clinical setting. The balloon must be inflated and deflated very slowly to minimize these potentially risky hemodynamic changes. Although angiographic follow-up showed successful obliteration of aneurysms, further long-term angiographic studies are necessary to establish the durability of this technique. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

Balloon-assisted Guglielmi Detachable Coiling of Wide-necked Aneurysms: Part I-Experimental Evaluation

Balloon-assisted Guglielmi Detachable Coiling of Wide-necked Aneurysms: Part I-Experimental Evaluation

Balloon-assisted G u glielm i Detachable C o ilin g of W ide-necked Aneurysm s: Part I— Experimental Evaluation Yoichi Akiba, M.D., Yuichi Murayama, M.D., Fernando Vinuela, M.D., Michael A. Lefkowitz, M.D., Gary R. Duckwiler, M.D., Y. Pierre Gobin, M.D. Division of Interventional Neuroradiology and Leo C. Rigler Radiological Research Center, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California OBJECTIVE: Balloon-assisted technique is a promising technical adjunct to use of Guglielmi detachable coils for embolization of wide-necked aneurysms. In this study using experimental aneurysms in swine, the safety and long-term efficacy of this technique were evaluated. METHODS: Sixteen wide-necked aneurysms (sidewall model) were surgically created in common carotid arteries of swine. In the acute study of eight aneurysms, intra-aneurysmal pressure changes were recorded during balloon inflation in different positions of the balloon relative to the neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, eight aneurysms were treated with this technique, and follow-up angiography was performed 14 days postemboliza­ tion. The animals were then killed for macroscopic evaluation. RESULTS: In the acute study, the systolic intra-aneurysmal blood pressure increased with balloon inflation at the distal portion of the neck and with balloon inflation/occlusion across the entire neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, seven of eight cases were embolized with satisfactory occlusion, and six showed no coil displacement on the follow-up angiogram. In five cases, macroscopic evaluation of the aneurysm showed that the coils were compacted at the neck of the aneurysm with a concave shape consistent with the shape of the inflated balloon across its neck. CONCLUSION: This prelim inary study indicates that balloon-assisted Guglielmi detachable coiling technology may produce a temporary increase of pressure within the aneurysm while occluding the aneurysmal neck...
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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© Published by Oxford University Press.
ISSN
0148-396X
eISSN
1524-4040
D.O.I.
10.1097/00006123-199909000-00022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractOBJECTIVE:Balloon-assisted technique is a promising technical adjunct to use of Guglielmi detachable coils for embolization of wide-necked aneurysms. In this study using experimental aneurysms in swine, the safety and long-term efficacy of this technique were evaluated.METHODS:Sixteen wide-necked aneurysms (sidewall model) were surgically created in common carotid arteries of swine. In the acute study of eight aneurysms, intra-aneurysmal pressure changes were recorded during balloon inflation in different positions of the balloon relative to the neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, eight aneurysms were treated with this technique, and follow-up angiography was performed 14 days postembolization. The animals were then killed for macroscopic evaluation.RESULTS:In the acute study, the systolic intra-aneurysmal blood pressure increased with balloon inflation at the distal portion of the neck and with balloon inflation/occlusion across the entire neck of the aneurysm. In the chronic study, seven of eight cases were embolized with satisfactory occlusion, and six showed no coil displacement on the follow-up angiogram. In five cases, macroscopic evaluation of the aneurysm showed that the coils were compacted at the neck of the aneurysm with a concave shape consistent with the shape of the inflated balloon across its neck.CONCLUSION:This preliminary study indicates that balloon-assisted Guglielmi detachable coiling technology may produce a temporary increase of pressure within the aneurysm while occluding the aneurysmal neck during coil delivery. This sudden change of intra-aneurysmal pressure may potentially be the cause of aneurysm rupture in the clinical setting. The balloon must be inflated and deflated very slowly to minimize these potentially risky hemodynamic changes. Although angiographic follow-up showed successful obliteration of aneurysms, further long-term angiographic studies are necessary to establish the durability of this technique.

Journal

NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Sep 1, 1999

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