Yearbook of international Environmental Law, (2017), pp. 1–1 X. COUNTRY / REGION REPORTS (1) Legislative Measures of International Interest (A) Forests, Biodiversity, and Forestry and Wildlife One of Peru’s intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) has estab- lished a greenhouse gas reduction of 30 percent by the year 2030, corresponding to efforts to improve measures on land use change and forestry and fundamen- tally reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated by deforestation, which is caused by farmers who improperly burn or log forest areas to have more land for agricultural purposes. This INDC recognizes that deforestation is a complex problem that has an economic characterization. In the Amazon rainforest, the main problem is that the agricultural production model results are unsustainable because of the natural conditions of the land and climate, the economic limita- tions of Amazonian farmers, and the lack of government support or presence. Therefore, many people survive by replacing forests with cultivated areas. The aim of the INDC is to encourage sustainable forest use, which will allow forest value to improve and reduce the pressure caused by the logging or burning of forests that occurs on riverbanks. (B) Water Resources and Coastal Marine Areas In 2015, the 1997 Protocol to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships entered into force, after being signed by Peru on 26 September 1997, approved by Legislative Resolution no. 30043 on 30 May 2013, and ratiﬁed by Supreme Decree no. 029-2013-RE on 25 June 2013. On 23 April 2016, an amendment was made to this convention concerning Appendix 1 of Annex VI on the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships. This amendment aims to regulate the issuance and validity of the international cer- tiﬁcate on the prevention of air pollution concerning the technical and operating conditions of incinerators on ships, in accordance with the Nitrogen Oxides Emissions Technical Code and those substances that deplete the ozone layer, as deﬁned in the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer. Enrique Moncada email@example.com doi:10.1093/yiel/yvx039 The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/yielaw/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/yiel/yvx039/4781545 by Ed 'DeepDyve' Gillespie user on 08 June 2018
Yearbook of International Environmental Law – Oxford University Press
Published: Dec 28, 2017
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