Anatomic Understanding of Vertical Hemispherotomy With Cadaveric Brains and Intraoperative Photographs

Anatomic Understanding of Vertical Hemispherotomy With Cadaveric Brains and Intraoperative... BACKGROUND:Vertical hemispherotomy is performed in hemispheric epilepsy to disconnect commissural fibers, projecting fibers, and limbic system from the affected side of the brain with minimal parenchyma removal. However, anatomic understanding of this surgery is generally difficult.OBJECTIVE:To present the vertical hemispherotomy procedures using cadaveric brains and intraoperative photographs.METHODS:Two formalin-fixed adult cadaveric brains were used to demonstrate vertical hemispherotomy. Intraoperative photographs were taken of a 19-year-old man with intractable epilepsy due to head trauma in infancy.RESULTS:After coronal skin incision along the coronal suture, bifrontal craniotomy and a C-shaped dural incision from lateral to medial to the midline are performed. The interhemispheric fissure is dissected from anterior to posterior. Interhemispheric total corpus callosotomy is performed to disconnect commissural fibers. Corticotomy on the cingulate gyrus is performed to approach the lateral ventricle. The lateral border of the thalamus is cut from posterior to anterior until exposing the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle and hippocampal head to disconnect projecting fibers. At the anteromedial side of the hippocampus, the inferior part of the amygdala and uncal gyrus is removed, exposing the basal cistern to disconnect the hippocampus and amygdala. The posterior column of the fornix at the trigone of the lateral ventricle is resected to disconnect the limbic system. Projecting fibers from the anterior frontal lobe are disconnected.CONCLUSION:A step-by-step procedure using cadaveric brains and intraoperative photographs provide a better anatomic understanding of vertical hemispherotomy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Operative Neurosurgery Oxford University Press

Anatomic Understanding of Vertical Hemispherotomy With Cadaveric Brains and Intraoperative Photographs

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ou_press/anatomic-understanding-of-vertical-hemispherotomy-with-cadaveric-VNMdue4Zto
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons
ISSN
2332-4252
eISSN
2332-4260
D.O.I.
10.1227/NEU.0000000000001272
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

BACKGROUND:Vertical hemispherotomy is performed in hemispheric epilepsy to disconnect commissural fibers, projecting fibers, and limbic system from the affected side of the brain with minimal parenchyma removal. However, anatomic understanding of this surgery is generally difficult.OBJECTIVE:To present the vertical hemispherotomy procedures using cadaveric brains and intraoperative photographs.METHODS:Two formalin-fixed adult cadaveric brains were used to demonstrate vertical hemispherotomy. Intraoperative photographs were taken of a 19-year-old man with intractable epilepsy due to head trauma in infancy.RESULTS:After coronal skin incision along the coronal suture, bifrontal craniotomy and a C-shaped dural incision from lateral to medial to the midline are performed. The interhemispheric fissure is dissected from anterior to posterior. Interhemispheric total corpus callosotomy is performed to disconnect commissural fibers. Corticotomy on the cingulate gyrus is performed to approach the lateral ventricle. The lateral border of the thalamus is cut from posterior to anterior until exposing the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle and hippocampal head to disconnect projecting fibers. At the anteromedial side of the hippocampus, the inferior part of the amygdala and uncal gyrus is removed, exposing the basal cistern to disconnect the hippocampus and amygdala. The posterior column of the fornix at the trigone of the lateral ventricle is resected to disconnect the limbic system. Projecting fibers from the anterior frontal lobe are disconnected.CONCLUSION:A step-by-step procedure using cadaveric brains and intraoperative photographs provide a better anatomic understanding of vertical hemispherotomy.

Journal

Operative NeurosurgeryOxford University Press

Published: Dec 1, 2016

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off