AbstractOBJECTIVE:Previous studies demonstrated that activation of receptor tyrosine kinases in human meningiomas by an autocrine or paracrine growth-stimulatory loop plays an important role in meningioma proliferation. Although it is well established that the proliferative signal from protein tyrosine kinase receptors is transduced through Ras proteins, the relevance of the Ras pathway in meningioma proliferation, to our knowledge, has not been studied. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to determine whether Ras proteins are functionally important in meningioma proliferation.METHODS:Meningioma cells of nine primary cell cultures were infected with the recombinant adenovirus Ad-rasNl7 encoding the dominant negative Ras protein or control adenovirus Ad-pAC. Ras-N17 is a Ras mutant protein with substitution of asparagine for serine at position 17 in the cellular Ha-Ras protein that inhibits function of all endogenous cellular Ras proteins. Proliferation of meningioma cells was measured using [3H]thymidine or 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine labeling and detection assays.RESULTS:Infection of meningioma cells with Ad-rasN17 dramatically increased the expression levels of the Ras-N17 mutant protein and inhibited phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases, compared with uninfected cells or cells infected with the control adenovirus. Suppression of Ras proteins inhibited proliferation of all exponentially growing and growth-arrested meningioma cells stimulated with serum.CONCLUSION:The obtained results suggest that proliferation of primary meningioma cells is dependent on the Presence of functional Ras proteins. Therefore, inhibition of the Ras pathway may be important in preventing growth factor-stimulated meningioma proliferation.
Neurosurgery – Oxford University Press
Published: Mar 1, 1999
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