Abstract Background GSK2256098 is a novel oral focal adhesion kinase inhibitor. Preclinical studies demonstrate growth inhibition in glioblastoma cell lines. However, rodent studies indicate limited blood-brain barrier penetration. In this expansion cohort within a phase I study, the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and clinical activity of GSK2256098 were evaluated in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Biodistribution and kinetics of [11C]GSK2256098 were assessed in a sub-study using positron-emission tomography (PET). Methods Patients were treated with GSK2256098 until disease progression or withdrawal due to adverse events (AEs). Serial pharmacokinetic samples were collected on Day 1. On a single day between Days 9-20, patients received a microdose of intravenous [11C]GSK2256098 and scanned with PET over 90 minutes with parallel PK sample collection. Response was assessed by MRI every six weeks. Results Thirteen patients were treated in three dose cohorts (1000 mg, 750 mg, 500 mg; all dosed twice-daily). The maximum tolerated dose was 1000 mg twice-daily. Dose-limiting toxicities were related to cerebral edema. Treatment-related AEs (>25%) were diarrhea, fatigue and nausea. Eight patients participated in the PET sub-study, with [11C]GSK2256098 VT estimates of 0.9 in tumor tissue, 0.5 in surrounding T2 enhancing areas, and 0.4 in normal brain,. Best response of stable disease was observed in three patients, including one patient on treatment for 11.3 months. Conclusions GSK2256098 was tolerable in patients with relapsed glioblastoma. GSK2256098 crossed the blood-brain barrier at low levels into normal brain, but at markedly higher levels into tumor, consistent with tumor-associated blood-brain barrier disruption. Additional clinical trials of GSK2256098 are ongoing. GSK2256098, focal adhesion kinase, glioblastoma, PET © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: email@example.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)
Neuro-Oncology – Oxford University Press
Published: May 17, 2018
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