A Modified Inverted Nipple Correction Technique That Preserves Breastfeeding

A Modified Inverted Nipple Correction Technique That Preserves Breastfeeding Abstract Background An inverted nipple may affect the appearance of the breasts and breastfeeding, but traditional surgical procedures might injure the normal lactiferous ducts and damage sensory functions. Objectives The aim of the study was to propose a minimally invasive and reliable method that preserves breastfeeding and corrects Grade I and II inverted nipples. Methods This was a randomized controlled trial of 230 female patients with unilateral or bilateral inverted nipples and 30 patients with normal nipples who visited the Preconception Counseling Department of our hospital from February 2009 to January 2016. The nipples in the distractor group underwent an operation with a distractor, while the control nipples were treated with daily exercises. The intervention lasted 6 months. The primary endpoint was full-term pregnancy breastfeeding for 4 months. The secondary endpoint was the completion of lactation without obvious complications such as mastitis and nipple craze. Results Grade I and II nipples achieved increased height after the distractor was worn for 6 months and at 37 weeks of pregnancy (P<0.05), while the control nipples achieved only a marginal improvement at 37 weeks of pregnancy. In the distractor group, the success rates were 84.9% and 79.3% for Grade I and II nipples, respectively, compared with the control group (52.5% and 38.9%, respectively) (P<0.05). After treatment with the distractor for 6 months, nipples in the distractor group showed no complications such as skin numbness and nipple necrosis. Conclusions The use of a distractor is a reliable and minimally invasive method for correcting Grade I and II inverted nipples while preserving breastfeeding. © 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aesthetic Surgery Journal Oxford University Press

A Modified Inverted Nipple Correction Technique That Preserves Breastfeeding

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ou_press/a-modified-inverted-nipple-correction-technique-that-preserves-AwGFLnk7oy
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com
ISSN
1090-820X
eISSN
1527-330X
D.O.I.
10.1093/asj/sjy119
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Background An inverted nipple may affect the appearance of the breasts and breastfeeding, but traditional surgical procedures might injure the normal lactiferous ducts and damage sensory functions. Objectives The aim of the study was to propose a minimally invasive and reliable method that preserves breastfeeding and corrects Grade I and II inverted nipples. Methods This was a randomized controlled trial of 230 female patients with unilateral or bilateral inverted nipples and 30 patients with normal nipples who visited the Preconception Counseling Department of our hospital from February 2009 to January 2016. The nipples in the distractor group underwent an operation with a distractor, while the control nipples were treated with daily exercises. The intervention lasted 6 months. The primary endpoint was full-term pregnancy breastfeeding for 4 months. The secondary endpoint was the completion of lactation without obvious complications such as mastitis and nipple craze. Results Grade I and II nipples achieved increased height after the distractor was worn for 6 months and at 37 weeks of pregnancy (P<0.05), while the control nipples achieved only a marginal improvement at 37 weeks of pregnancy. In the distractor group, the success rates were 84.9% and 79.3% for Grade I and II nipples, respectively, compared with the control group (52.5% and 38.9%, respectively) (P<0.05). After treatment with the distractor for 6 months, nipples in the distractor group showed no complications such as skin numbness and nipple necrosis. Conclusions The use of a distractor is a reliable and minimally invasive method for correcting Grade I and II inverted nipples while preserving breastfeeding. © 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices)

Journal

Aesthetic Surgery JournalOxford University Press

Published: May 11, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off