Implementation of a Toffoli gate with superconducting circuits

Implementation of a Toffoli gate with superconducting circuits The Toffoli gate is a three-quantum-bit (three-qubit) operation that inverts the state of a target qubit conditioned on the state of two control qubits. It makes universal reversible classical computation possible and, together with a Hadamard gate , forms a universal set of gates in quantum computation. It is also a key element in quantum error correction schemes . The Toffoli gate has been implemented in nuclear magnetic resonance , linear optics and ion trap systems . Experiments with superconducting qubits have also shown significant progress recently: two-qubit algorithms and two-qubit process tomography have been implemented , three-qubit entangled states have been prepared , first steps towards quantum teleportation have been taken and work on quantum computing architectures has been done . Implementation of the Toffoli gate with only single- and two-qubit gates requires six controlled-NOT gates and ten single-qubit operations , and has not been realized in any system owing to current limits on coherence. Here we implement a Toffoli gate with three superconducting transmon qubits coupled to a microwave resonator. By exploiting the third energy level of the transmon qubits, we have significantly reduced the number of elementary gates needed for the implementation of the Toffoli http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Nature Publishing Group (NPG)

Implementation of a Toffoli gate with superconducting circuits

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0028-0836
eISSN
1476-4687
D.O.I.
10.1038/nature10713
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Toffoli gate is a three-quantum-bit (three-qubit) operation that inverts the state of a target qubit conditioned on the state of two control qubits. It makes universal reversible classical computation possible and, together with a Hadamard gate , forms a universal set of gates in quantum computation. It is also a key element in quantum error correction schemes . The Toffoli gate has been implemented in nuclear magnetic resonance , linear optics and ion trap systems . Experiments with superconducting qubits have also shown significant progress recently: two-qubit algorithms and two-qubit process tomography have been implemented , three-qubit entangled states have been prepared , first steps towards quantum teleportation have been taken and work on quantum computing architectures has been done . Implementation of the Toffoli gate with only single- and two-qubit gates requires six controlled-NOT gates and ten single-qubit operations , and has not been realized in any system owing to current limits on coherence. Here we implement a Toffoli gate with three superconducting transmon qubits coupled to a microwave resonator. By exploiting the third energy level of the transmon qubits, we have significantly reduced the number of elementary gates needed for the implementation of the Toffoli

Journal

NatureNature Publishing Group (NPG)

Published: Dec 14, 2011

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